Crime & Culture in the City of Montreal – Interview with Kristian Gravenor – WKT #6

Here’s our interview with Kristian Gravenor, author of the soon to be released MONTREAL: 375 TALES.

 This is Episode 6 of the Who Killed Theresa? podcast:

Here are links to some things we discussed including Coolopolis, Montreal Biker Gangs (including legendary figure Michael French), the Reet Jurvetson case, Sharon Prior, Norma O’brien / Debbie Fisher and the Chateauguay Full Moon Killer murders, the Montreal tabloid Allo Police:

Here’s a link to Kristian’s blog, Coolopolis, and the Chateauguay Full Moon Killer case:

Here’s a link to Coolopolis’ reporting on the Charles Manson / Reet Jurvetson case:

Satan’s Choice biker Michael French and the connection to the Sharon Prior case (French is at the bottom on the left):

The history of Allo Police / Photo Police:

Link to National Film Board of Canada documentary, Station 10:

Maurice “The Rocket” Richard:

This happened:


Hells Angels and the Lennoxville Purge

The Gazette published an excellent piece by Paul Cherry on today’s thirtieth anniversary of the Lennoxville Purge, the date when members of Quebec’s Hells Angels assassinated 5 members of the Laval chapter of the notorious biker gang.

Members of the Laval Hells Chapter

Members of the Laval Hells Chapter

As Cherry tells it, five members of the gang’s now defunct Laval chapter — Guy-Louis (Chop) Adam, Jean-Guy (Brutus) Geoffrion, Laurent (l’Anglais) Viau, Michel (Willie) Mayrand and Jean-Pierre Mathieu — were gunned down inside the bunker which was located at 375 Queen street in Lennoxville. Laval members were suspected of skimming drug profits intended for other Hells chapters. The bodies were dismembered and dumped in the Saint Lawrence river. Police divers located the decomposing bodies of the victims wrapped in sleeping bags and tied to weightlifting plates.

Police pull bodies from St. Lawrence

Police pull bodies from St. Lawrence

I have often been asked if I thought Theresa’s death was related to the biker gangs in Lennoxville as part of some ritualistic rape and murder. My answer is, no, I do not believe her murder is related in that way, but that still does not mean her death was not a result of meeting up with bikers at the wrong place and wrong time. I simply discount the ritualistic, gang initiation element of the theory, which seems far fetched to me.

The Lennoxville Hells Bunker 375 Queen street

The Lennoxville Hells Bunker 375 Queen street

Some questions and observations:

1. The earliest source of income for bikers was drugs, and drugs come from ports. So, imagine bikers from Sorel or Laval running drugs to chapters in places like Lennoxville and Sherbrooke. These drugs get distributed to high schools and colleges in the area like Alexander Galt and Champlain college, and now we have a connection in place and time between Theresa and bikers.

2. Who are the members in the Laval chapter of the Hells Angels depicted in the photo in The Gazette? It would be interesting to know who they all are, and what they are up to now.

3. When not running drugs and committing crimes what did the bikers do in The Eastern Townships? Apart from the stereotype of bikers, what was their culture?

4. In the Winter of 1978, two police informants were assassinated execution style along chemin McDonald in Lennoxville. Two locals were convicted of the crimes and served 25 years for the murders, but it was well documented that these men were falsely accused and took the fall for crimes actually committed by the Hells Angels. At one time I wrote extensively about this case on this blog, but I was threatened and all details have been wiped. The question remains, was Theresa’s disappearance and murder in anyway connected to these 1978 murders and the Quebec biker culture?

Here is Paul Cherry’s full article:

Thirty years ago, the Hells Angels summoned five of their members to a quiet town in the Eastern Townships where they were slaughtered in one of the most notorious crimes committed in Quebec.
When news emerged about what happened on March 24, 1985, inside the Hells Angels bunker on a wooded hill in the town next to Sherbrooke, Quebecers woke up to what the biker gang was capable of in this province. As the bikers involved in the slayings were rounded up in the months that followed, it would have been easy to assume the gang was finished in this province. Only five ended up with life sentences for first-degree murder (about a dozen others who helped dispose of the bodies or get rid of evidence received lighter sentences).

Five members of the gang’s now defunct Laval chapter — Guy-Louis (Chop) Adam, Jean-Guy (Brutus) Geoffrion, Laurent (l’Anglais) Viau, Michel (Willie) Mayrand and Jean-Pierre Mathieu — were gunned down inside the bunker. At least two other members of the Laval chapter were supposed to be killed that day as well, but they failed to show up for the meeting. A sixth man linked to the Laval chapter, prospect Claude (Coco) Roy, was killed two weeks later, on April 7, 1985, by Hells Angel Michel (Jinx) Genest. According to testimony later heard during a coroner’s inquest, 41 members of the gang’s Montreal, Sherbrooke and Halifax chapters were present in Lennoxville when the men were slaughtered.

The bodies were dumped in a river wrapped in sleeping bags and weighed down by cinder blocks and weights.

The slaughter came to be known as the Lennoxville Purge and instead of signalling the beginning of the end of the gang’s presence in Quebec, it surprisingly became stronger in the years that followed.

André Cédilot, a reporter with La Presse when the murders occurred, said it was easy for the public to assume, as arrests were being made, that the gang’s history in Quebec would be short. The gang’s first chapter in Canada, Montreal, was chartered in 1977 and its members set up a bunker in Sorel. Instead of being its downfall, the Lennoxville Purge helped set the template for what was to come and helped turn the gang into one of the most powerful criminal organizations in Quebec, Cédilot said. He also covered other cases where the police rounded up large numbers of Hells Angels, notably in Operation Springtime 2001, and in 2009, in Operation SharQc.

“At that moment (in 1985) the Hells Angels were doing a cleanup to become a real criminal organization,” he said. “Before that, they were disorganized and unruly. They were like a street gang. After 1982, they really started to organize themselves. The cleanup came in 1985.”

By 1985, the Hells Angels had become partners with other criminal organizations, including the West End Gang and the Mafia. Those groups were more businesslike and expected the same from their associates. As the stakes got higher and the Hells Angels became involved in multi-million dollar drug deals, there was little room for sloppiness. Cédilot, who is retired, said he was the first reporter to do a story explaining the motive behind the Lennoxville Purge. It involved a hellscomplicated debt the Hells Angels’ Montreal and Laval chapters owed to West End Gang leader Frank Peter (Dunie) Ryan. But it also involved the Montreal chapter’s growing resentment over how some members of the Laval chapter were constantly partying, consuming cocaine they were supposed to sell and how they didn’t fit into to the plans the gang had for the future.

“The (Laval) guys weren’t following the steps the others were taking. They fit the traditional image of bikers. They were always partying, always high on cocaine. It was going against the new philosophy of the Hells Angels. The other Hells Angels wanted to be businessmen.”

What eventually became clear was that the men associated with the Laval chapter who weren’t considered future elite drug traffickers were killed and any others were placed in other chapters.

The proof of the change in philosophy came in the years that followed. Maurice (Mom) Boucher, who was recruited into the Hells Angels’ Montreal chapter a few years after the Lennoxville Purge, was a thoroughly organized individual while acting as its leader in Quebec. Also, many of the men who are currently members own legitimate businesses.

The five who ended up with life sentences for the six murders have all since been granted parole. But they each took their own paths to get there:

Jacques Pelletier was granted full parole by the Parole Board of Canada, at age 58, on May 6, 2013, but it was revoked last year. According to a police intelligence report on the slaughter, Pelletier was considered to be one of the leaders behind the plot. He was also the person in charge of controlling other gang members who were brought to witness the murders as a means to send them a message to fall in line.

During recent parole board hearings, Pelletier has maintained that all he did on March 24, 1985, was point a firearm in the face of one individual in order to control him and then he burned one victim’s leather jacket with the Hells Angels logo on it.

Pelletier quit the Hells Angels in 1995, which helped convince the parole board that he was done with the gang when he was granted full parole in May 2013. Six months later, on Nov. 21, 2013, a woman approached a police officer on patrol near a park and a school (the location is not mentioned in the recent parole decision) and expressed concern about two men she considered suspicious who had been hanging out in the park for a while.

One of the men turned out to be Pelletier and the other was a man who had been convicted of armed robbery and was part of a criminal organization with ties to the Hells Angels. Pelletier was returned to prison for violating the conditions of his parole, especially one that he not associate with known criminals. He later told the parole board he agreed to do some work for the man that was legal, but he was paid $200 under the table for it. The parole board was disappointed because Pelletier had done essentially the same thing while on day parole, in 2012, and claimed he had learned his lesson. He is incarcerated at a federal penitentiary.

Réjean Lessard, who was granted full parole, at age 55, on Aug. 11, 2010, underwent a stunning transformation after he was convicted on five counts of first-degree murder. While serving his sentence, he quit the gang in 1989 and later stopped hanging out with anyone associated with the Hells Angels. By 2004, a psychiatrist who examined Lessard found that he had abandoned his faith in the Hells Angels in exchange for another faith, Buddhism.

He was granted day parole in 2008 after the board was presented with convincing evidence of Lessard’s change. A parole officer recounted how Lessard showed no interest at all in material possessions and his cell was always completely bare.

“It was an extreme situation. The most serious thing that can happen (in that milieu) is an internal conflict,” Lessard told the parole board in 2008 while confirming the theory that the motive behind the slayings involved the Laval chapter’s consumption of cocaine and the money problems generated by it.

When he was granted full parole in 2010, he was described as “a model of compliance” whose understanding of his religion “has permitted you to radically change your values and behaviour.”

Michel Genest was granted full parole, at age 51, on March 3, 2010. He quit the Hells Angels in 1994 while he was behind bars and serving a life sentence for killing Claude Roy, a prospect in the Laval chapter, days after the Lennoxville Purge. Genest, one of the members of the Laval chapter who was spared after he agreed to transfer to the Montreal chapter, arranged to meet Roy at a hotel on the South Shore and beat him to death.

Genest admitted to the parole board that Roy was killed for not following the Hells Angels rules against consuming hard drugs, like cocaine and heroin, and also because the gang suspected he was a police informant. He told the board Roy died while he was trying to get information out of him.

Luc Michaud was granted full parole, at age 53, on May 6, 2005. In 2001, Michaud convinced a jury that he merited a chance to be eligible for parole before 25 years, which is standard for first-degree murder convictions. He made the request through the so-called faint-hope clause, a part of the Criminal Code that has since been repealed.

“I sincerely regret participating in that slaughter,” Michaud told the jury in 2001 while denying he actually shot anyone that day. “I had no right to decide anyone’s fate, even if they were like I was at that time.”

He also told the jury he had found God after he was convicted and that the Hells Angels kicked him out of the gang in 1993 because he constantly criticized other gang members who were incarcerated with him. The jury agreed and decided to reduce his parole eligibility date to 15 years.

Robert Tremblay was granted full parole, at age 50, on Aug. 30, 2004. Tremblay followed Michaud’s lead and convinced a jury, in 2003, that he also had changed enough, since taking part in the murders of five men, that he merited a chance at an earlier parole eligibility date.

The police had evidence that Tremblay quit the Hells Angels in December 1995, shortly after an appellate court refused to hear an appeal of his murder convictions.

“My identity was the (Hells Angels). I sincerely deplore having taken the life of another person,” Tremblay told the parole board before he was granted a full release. “I am very aware that I have to watch out for who I associate with and that I have everything to lose if I return to the criminal world.”


Jenique Dalcourt homicide: Suspect Walks

Family members of Jenique Dalcourt, arrive at a hearing for a suspect in the case at the Longueuil courthouse on Monday, Oct. 27, 2014.

Family members of Jenique Dalcourt, arrive at a hearing for a suspect in the case at the Longueuil courthouse on Monday, Oct. 27, 2014.

What a colossal screw-up by Longueuil lawn enforcement. I can’t say I am surprised. After holding a suspect in connection with the vicious beating death of Jenique Dalcourt for two days, a Crown prosecutor made the stunning announcement on Monday that the man would be released without being charged. Seems LE got a little ahead of themselves, at the appalling expense of the victim’s family.

More from Paul Cherry of The Gazette:

The prosecutor, Sylvie Villeneuve, made the announcement to Quebec Court Judge Ellen Paré after the family of the victim, Jenique Dalcourt spent the entire day at the courthouse, for nothing.

The 26-year-old man, a resident of Longueuil who has no criminal record in Quebec’s provincial court, was arrested Saturday afternoon, four days after Dalcourt, 23, was severely beaten, on Oct. 21, as she walked home from work along the dark section of a bike path in the Vieux Longueuil borough of the South Shore city before 10 p.m. Reportedly, he was one of a few men the Longueuil police questioned as potential witnesses minutes after Dalcourt was found injured by a passerby who called 911. Dalcourt died the following morning.

The Longueuil police spent days at the crime scene and went over the bike path, and an adjacent cemetery, thoroughly in an effort to find evidence among the leaf-covered ground on either side of the path. They also conducted a door-to-door campaign by visiting more than 200 residents in the surrounding area in the hopes of finding witnesses. Their efforts appeared to produce results when the man was arrested on Saturday, but Villeneuve’s surprise announcement on Monday came with a request that the man be released.

“No charge will be laid at this moment,” Villeneuve said with no further explanation to the judge. The Crown made no comment to reporters at the end of the day. A person arrested as a suspect in a crime in Canada can be detained for only a certain amount of time without being charged.

Before agreeing with the request, Paré made sure to point out that the man had been detained at the courthouse all day while the court and the man’s legal aid lawyer, Jean François Lambert, waited for an indictment to be produced by the Crown. Twelve of Dalcourt’s relatives, including her mother, father, stepfather and brother sat in the courtroom for almost the entire day while Paré handled dozens of other cases on Monday.

“This is difficult,” Dalcourt’s stepfather said before Villeneuve made the announcement. He asked that his name not be published. “Every time the door opens (to bring a detained suspect into the prisoner’s dock) we get nervous. We didn’t know what to expect in the courtroom today.”

“(Jenique) was a good girl. She kept to herself — wouldn’t have looked for trouble,” the stepfather said. “She always tried to set a good example for her sisters.”

The victim’s father and her brother, John and Nick Gandolfo, respectively, came to Longueuil from Long Island, New York, after learning that Jenique had been killed. John Gandolfo said that before last week he was looking forward to Christmas because his daughter had made plans to travel to New York for the holiday.

Shortly after 6 p.m. Monday, the suspect walked out of the Longueuil courthouse escorted by several special constables from the courthouse and what appeared to be a few relatives. The man shielded his face with a hood and a piece of paper and had no comment.

The Longueuil police had planned to hold a news conference after the 26-year-old man appeared in court. When that did not happen they instead released a short, written statement.

“Several elements of proof were submitted to the Directeur des poursuites criminelles et pénales (the prosecution), however the results of expert analysis (on some evidence) are still expected. At this stage, the investigation is ongoing,” the statement read. The Longueuil police also said they would continue increased patrols of the bike path.


#GillesPimparé ≠ libération conditionnelle

Une crime tres malade . J’ai pris mes enfants à La Ronde il ya 2 ans . Nous nous sommes garés et sommes allés à la grille d’entrée , en passant sous le pont Jacques-Cartier . Il avait été plus de 30 ans que je n’avais pas visité La Ronde . Tout ce que je pouvais penser était les enfants:

Gilles Pimparé

Gilles Pimparé

Trente-cinq ans après le meurtre de deux adolescents sur le pont Jacques-Cartier, Gilles Pimparé, l’un des deux meurtriers, demandera pour la sixième fois, mercredi, d’obtenir sa libération conditionnelle.

TVA Nouvelles a rencontré la mère de Maurice Marcil, l’une des deux jeunes victimes.

Madeleine Hébert, qui habite maintenant en Europe, a accepté de parler pour la première fois.

Mme Hébert a notamment fait référence à une entrevue de Gilles Pimparé dans sa cellule de La Macaza en 2010 lors de laquelle il avait déclaré que «personne ne devait mourir, ça devait être une agression sexuelle. Nous aurions été condamnés d’agressions sexuelles et j’aurais été condamné à 10 au 14 ans de pénitencier. Personne ne devait mourir».

«Cette phrase m’a marquée, dit Madeleine Hébert. Personne ne devait mourir. Personne c’est qui, c’est un objet. Personne, ce n’est pas un individu. Ça n’a pas de personnalité. Qu’est que le mot personne veut signifier?»

Mme Hébert sera présente à l’audience de Pimparé afin que la mémoire de son fils ne soit pas oubliée. Elle lira une courte déclaration pour s’opposer à la libération de l’homme de 60 ans.

«Tant et aussi longtemps qu’il n’aura pas reconnu et assumé ses actes criminels et fait cette démarche intérieure, celle qui l’aura transformé en un être humain susceptible de réintégrer la société, je m’opposerai à sa libération.»

Gilles Pimparé peut demander une libération conditionnelle tous les deux ans. Il a échoué à ses cinq premières tentatives.

Selon les rapports d’experts, Pimparé aurait encore des déviances sexuelles et il ne reconnaîtrait pas ses délits.


Heading back to Quebec

Long time no posts.  My apologies, but the Spring is my busy season at work and it’s hard for me to focus on anything but finance and budgets.

I will be in Quebec for a holiday in August and there are some things I am mulling over:

1. Should I include a stop-over in Sherbrooke? It seems pointless, nothing I can’t do on a computer that I can achieve there. But it’s been about 5 years since I passed through, maybe there would be some value in visiting the place.

2. Should I visit the Surete de Quebec when I’m in Montreal? Sort of the same issues with Sherbrooke; is there anything I can achieve? Pierre always said there is value in having face-time with the police, and I will be staying about 1/2 mile from their HQ. But also, I will be with my kids; I am supposed to be relaxing and enjoying time with them, not getting involved in this unholy mess again.


CEIC Charbonneau: Eric Vecchio: Montreal Police Officer

Eric Vecchio

What to say about today’s events where we were subjected to hours of survaillance video of the Rizutto clan  while Montreal police officer Eric Vecchio provided the play-by-play? If you want the details, Sidhartha Banerjee, has a nice rundown in The Post. 

Here’s my observations of the whole affair, and some of my questions:

  • I can’t believe how sleazy and squalid these offices / clubs look. If this is the high-life Mafia style, I’m thankful for my corner office (is that a Clowns-on-Velvet / Dogs Playing Poker portrait on the wall behind them?) : This looks like the most sordid NBC shakedown ever. It makes Chris Hansen’s To Catch A Predator look like an episode of Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous.
  • The Christmas party, December 24th, 2005: this is the best they can do? A paper plate of baked ziti and a shot of Dewers in a paper cup?
  • Vecchio looks like the guy who farted in the CEIC room, like he’d rather be anywhere than these hearings. 
  • And who can blame him? When asked if the RCMP shared the tapes with other law enforcement, his embarrassing response? “We tried to contact them, but they never returned our calls”. Really?! A note to the RCMP / SPVM / SQ: you all play in the same sandbox. Now stop insulting us, and start acting like the law enforcement agencies that we know you can be: ones that live up to their potential and work together to solve the crime problems of our society. You’ll be surprised how sexy you look in the mirror. 

Party People, Do the Rizzuto Sock Stuff!

# CEIC Charbonneau Commission: This just gets better and better:

First came names and now a Quebec corruption inquiry is watching video of construction bosses handing over cash to Mafia chieftains at a notorious Sicilian Mafia hangout in Montreal.

A local police detective is showing surveillance video of prominent construction bosses and high-ranking members of the Rizzuto clan exchanging and counting cash.

Some of the video shows the late Niccolo Rizzuto — the onetime don of the country’s most powerful crime family — stuffing cash into his socks.

A businessman seen at the hangout 236 times over the span of two years was identified by an investigator as a “middle man” between the construction industry and the once-dominant Rizzuto clan.

Eric Vecchio, a Montreal police detective working with the Charbonneau Commission, says the video demonstrates that one member of the Rizzuto hierarchy, Rocco Sollecito, was in charge of dealing with construction cash.

The videos were shot during Operation Colisee, a five-year investigation that culminated with mass arrests in 2006 in the largest sweep against the Italian Mafia in Canadian history.

But the RCMP says it never used the evidence gathered on the videos — because because it wasn’t pertinent to its drug investigation. The Mounties fought in court, unsuccessfully, to keep from sharing the evidence at the public inquiry.

The Charbonneau Commission, which is looking into criminal corruption in the construction industry and its ties to organized crime and political parties, gained that evidence after a court battle with the Mounties.

The commission’s own investigators have been able to identify certain construction industry executives not identified by the RCMP.

The language spoken on the videos is mainly a Sicilian dialect.


#CEIC Charbonneau Commission: More RCMP testimony on tap for today

Linda Féquière

I was largely missing from watching the hearing yesterday. Thanks to Monique Muise at The Gazette I stayed on top of it. The Commission mostly heard testimony from the RCMP (Corporal Vinicio Sebastiano, and Corporal Linda Féquière). Sebastiano testified that the RCMP’s Project Colisée  (2000 – 2006) was focused on putting away Mafia drug lords. Whenever construction entrepreneurs or political parties came up on the 35,000 hours of video surveillance, it was largely ignored.  The Commission will likely be taking a grater interest in those tapes in the coming days. The RCMP was forced to hand over all their information from Project Colisee in March. From Muise:

The Charbonneau Commission, in contrast, is very interested in those tapes, and in the list of visitors to the two mob hangouts entered into evidence Tuesday. That list includes the names Tony Magi, Michel Argento and Francesco (Frank) Catania, among others.

Magi was spotted at both clubs a handful of times, often in the company of his legitimate business partner, Nick Rizzuto Jr., who was gunned down in late-2009 outside Magi’s offices. Magi himself survived a brazen assassination attempt while driving in N.D.G. in 2008, and his wife survived a similar shooting incident last year. Magi has never been directly linked to the Mafia.

In related news, the focus of Project Colisee, Vito Rissoto is to be released from a Colorado prison on October 6th.


Watch the hearings here.

Follow on Twitter: Monique Muise (Gazette) @monique_muise ,  Stephane Giroux (CTV) @SGirouxCTV,  AD Humphreys (Mafia expert)  @AD_Humphrey


CEIC Charbonneau Commission: Joseph Pistone (Donnie Brasco) Testimony

Joseph Pistone (alias Donnie Brasco) , a former FBI agent who infiltrated the New York Mafia is testifying today. Pistone is beginning to make the link between the New York / Sicilian Mafia and the Montreal underworld.

– Pistone says drugs were shipped internationally to Montreal for later delivery to New York.

– Pistone links the Bannano family of New York to the Catroni family of Montreal.

– The shooter from Montreal who was brought down to NYC in 1981 was Vito Rizzuto, to be paroled from Montreal in a few weeks.

Watch the hearings here.

Follow on Twitter: Monique Muise (Gazette) @monique_muise ,  Stephane Giroux (CTV) @SGirouxCTV,  AD Humphreys (Mafia expert)  @AD_Humphrey


CEIC: Avant Charbonneau, souvenez-vous de la Commission Malouf?

En attendant l’enquête de la construction Charbonneau réunir à nouveau, j’ai pensé qu’il pourrait être une bonne idée de visiter les fantômes du Québec Renseignements publique Passé.

Premièrement, le Québec n’a pas connu de pénurie des enquêtes publiques, ou les appels à une enquête publique. Certains sont bien connus et font partie de notre mémoire collective récente, l’enquête de la Commision Poitras à la Sûreté du Québec, la crise d’Oka Mohawk, l’effondrement du viaduc de Laval.

Le Royal Trust Co. désormais “Whiskey Dix”

Mais qui se souvient Premier Godbout 1943 appel à une enquête sur les pépinières d’hôpital? Ou que dire de l’appel à une enquête de valeurs mobilières lorsque la Compagnie Trust Royal (devenu RBC) déplacé actifs de Montréal à Kingston, à la veille d’une élection générale? A critiques déplacer réclamés a été conçu pour améliorer les craintes économiques d’un Québec indépendant et destablized (Le Québec Saint-Jean-Baptiste Société a appelé “comme répréhensible et avec des conséquences plus graves toute action terroriste” .) Se souvenir de l’affaire Fredy Villanueva? Bien sûr, vous le faites. Mais qu’en est-il du rapport Wagner en service de police d’une force excessive lors de la visite de la Reine de 1964 à Québec? Se souvenir de l’enquête Otto Lang dans le contrôle du trafic aérien entièrement bilingue ? Je ne le pense pas.


Jérôme Choquette dans les années 70

Celui-ci a attiré mon attention. En 1970, Roy Fournier, alors président du comité libéral de justice, a appelé à une grande enquête sur les activités de la pègre au Québec, une notion qui alors premier ministre Robert Bourassa a suggéré “pourrait être une bonne idée». Fournier a coûté la pègre était devenu si puissant Québec que seule une enquête publique majeur pourrait vraiment régler le problème. Puis, ministre de la Justice Jérôme Choquette d’accord en disant que jusqu’à 30% des nightclubs de Montréal ont été contrôlés par le Mafia.The précédent premier ministre Daniel Johnson a prévenu que,

“La pègre a envahi un nombre alarmant d’entreprises légitimes au Québec et appelé à une action immédiate du gouvernement pour freiner les opérations de la pègre».

Ahh, ce qui est passé est un prologue!

Bon, je vais arrêter d’être insolent et arriver à ce qui est vraiment dans mon esprit. Oui, mon point est que Duchesneau, Amato, Tenti, etc … sont tous chante une chanson du passé, mais le vrai éléphant dans la pièce est l’Enquête publique de la Commission Malouf dans Jeux Olympiques de Jean Drapeau de Montréal en 1976, et que nous avons appris quelque chose de cette ?

Albert Malouf

Permettez-moi de planter le décor, et m’arrêter quand tout cela commence à sonner familier. C’est 1977 et le Québec se réveille au fait qu’ils n’ont pas obtenu ce qu’ils ont payé. Deuxième acte du maire Drapeau à l’Expo 67 était censé coûter aux contribuables 120 millions de dollars, mais le prix à payer pour les Jeux Olympiques ont atteint 1,6 milliards de dollars (c’est vrai, “The Big Oh” … la dette finalement pris sa retraite en 2006). Le Parti québécois sont frais hors de leur victoire provinciale première et René Lévesque (lui-même juste après avoir esquivé une enquête publique pour la fatale hit-and-run d’Edgar Trottier) lance une enquête sur les Jeux, en nommant le juge Albert Malouf à la tête d’un homme à trois commission. Parmi les résultats:

1. Tous les contrats de construction de plus de 1 million de dollars devait avoir l’approbation spéciale du gouvernement. Cette mesure de protection a été contournée par des entrepreneurs qui ont tout simplement demandé une augmentation des contrats multiples en vertu de 1 million de dollars.

2. Le projet a été entièrement contrôlé par un seul homme, l’architecte  Robert Taillibert.

3. La société qui a remporté le contrat pour le stationnement avec une offre de 3,7 M $ a déposé plusieurs contrat augmente et finit par se faire payer 9,7 millions de dollars. Et le contrat n’a pas été exécuté jusqu’à 6 mois après les Jeux ont été achevés.

4. Les entrepreneurs généraux du Québec, Formes-Viau Stationnement, Les Formes de construction du Québec, Sabrice Ltd, Dubé et Dube, Bombardier, Roski Ltd, Stratinor, tous fini par gagner des bénéfices disproportionnés aux services rendus.

5. Roski Ltd, une filiale de Bombardier, a remporté un contrat pour la fourniture de sièges pour les Jeux, même si son offre ne répondait pas aux spécifications établies par la Ville de Montréal.

Le gâchis est le mieux résumée par Ian MacDonald, qui en a écrit une colonne 1978,

“Quand il s’agit de commissions d’enquête du Québec n’est vraiment pas une province comme les autres.

Commissions nommés par le gouvernement à Ottawa et ailleurs souvent se conformer à la maxime du Canada de résoudre un problème en faisant disparaître, les demandes du Québec supposent généralement une vie spectaculaire de la leur. “

MacDonald se passe pour confirmer ce que nous savons déjà, les enquêtes publiques sont spectaculairement mise en scène des actes de théâtre politique. Ils coûtent beaucoup, et finissent généralement boucs émissaires les mauvaises personnes, et esquiver les vrais problèmes.

Dans le cas de la Commission Malouf, les recommandations ont été formulées à la veille de l’élection municipale de Montréal. Il a critiqué le maire Jean Drapeau, et tout le monde largement excusé reste, y compris le gouvernement libéral provincial au pouvoir au moment des Jeux, à la grande consternation de René Lévesque (certains fonctionnaires mais j’ai perdu contre ) …

ET DRAPEAU quand même réussi à gagner l’élection.

Dans la prochaine année, alors que nous regardons comme témoin après témoin est traîné devant la Commission Charbonneau, comme le PLQ, CAQ, PQ jockey pour la position, alors que nous attendons les recommandations de Kabuki cette pantomime, nous pourrions envisager l’ passé et ne pas mettre nos espoirs trop haut.