Puissance vide Québec 1975 – 1979

«Ce était comme le Wild West.”

Enquêteur privé Robert Buellac décrivant les conditions de la criminalité et de l’application de la loi au Québec à la fin des années 1970.

IMG_0355

L’escouade des homicides, Surete du Quebec 1970s

Dans un billet intitulé Québec 1977: Qui était le Bootlace Killer, j’ai présenté des informations pour suggérer un lien possible entre environ 20 disparitions et les meurtres non résolus dans la province de Québec à la fin des années 1970. Entre 1975 et 1981 jeunes femmes ont disparu régulièrement et retroussé morts dans les zones rurales et boisées. Beaucoup d’entre eux ont été traînaient, violée et brutalement battus.

Montreal 1977

Montreal 1977

À l’hiver 1977, le tabloïd Québec, Allo police a déclaré qu’il y avait eu 212 homicides dans la province en 1976, quatre par semaine, avec 1 à 4 de ces crimes vont non résolus par la police. Deux ans plus tard, le Sherbrooke Record proclamé “Criminalité l’Estrie pire au Québec”. Les statistiques publiées par la Commission de police du Québec ont montré que les Cantons de l’Est avaient le plus haut taux de criminalité de toutes les régions du Québec en 1978. Le rapport a noté que les crimes contre les personnes avaient “explosé” dans la région. Les onze communes du canton ayant leurs propres forces de police collectivement enregistrés 377 crimes dans la nature des homicides, des viols, des crimes sexuels, vols à main armée et autres agressions de l’année 1978. Ce est une augmentation de 9% par rapport aux 345 crimes contre les personnes déclarées en 1977. Pour les municipalités des cantons qui ne ont pas leurs propres forces de police – villes surveillées par les forces de police du Québec (QPF) – les chiffres étaient encore pire. La FPQ a montré une augmentation des crimes violents contre des personnes de 87 en 1977 à 142 en 1978, une hausse vertigineuse de 63%. Raynald Gendron, directeur de la recherche et des statistiques de la division de la commission de police a déclaré qu’il n’y avait pas de comptabilité pour l’augmentation de la criminalité.

La déclaration de Gendron est faux et irresponsable. Bien que les actions spécifiques qui ont conduit à ces crimes – et plus ostensiblement aux meurtres et disparitions cités dans la pièce Bootlace Killer – sont à ce jour inconnue, les conditions qui ont donné lieu à cet environnement de désordre et l’anarchie sont familiers et bien documenté:

Troubles Politiques

Dans l’élection provinciale de 1976, le Parti québécois a été élu pour la première fois pour former le gouvernement du Québec. Peu importe où vous vous asseyez sur l’argument de savoir si ce était finalement bon ou mauvais pour la province, les membres élus d’origine du Parti québécois étaient des universitaires, pas des gestionnaires. Ils ne étaient pas bien équipés avec les outils de prise de décision, la communication et le leadership qui ont été tellement besoin dans une période de bouleversements et de changement social. La Révolution tranquille s’est déroulée avec le gouvernement libéral précédent; le gouvernement péquiste ne était pas bien placé pour le gérer. Presque immédiatement, le nouveau parti se est attelé à l’entreprise de ce qui est toujours le plus important dans le changement de régime: enquêter sur les actions du gouvernement précédent. En 1977, René Lévesque launchds enquête publique de la Commission Malouf en 1976 Jeux olympiques de Montréal de Jean Drapeau (et vous avez pensé Charbonneau était quelque chose de nouveau). La Commission a été un énorme temps sucer le nouveau et inexpérimenté gouvernement péquiste. Alors qu’il assistait à de grands spectacles comme les enquêtes publiques, le Parti québécois a perdu de vue la balle des aspects au jour le jour de gouverner comme la sécurité publique, la criminalité organisée, et l’éducation; l’éducation venues spécialement la maison au perchoir dans leur indécision accordant une certaine petite permission de cégep Cantons de l’Est de construire un nouveau dortoir pour leur collège nouvellement créé. La Collège Champlain de continuer à utiliser leurs installations tout à fait inadéquate à Compton, au Québec, ce qui entraîne des conséquences désastreuses pour les étudiants (comme documenté de nombreuses fois sur ce site).

Consolidation de police

Surete du Quebec: Arret

Surete du Quebec: Arret

Après son arrivée au pouvoir, le Parti québécois a commencé un projet de consolidation qui a été de fusionner les forces de police plus petits sous l’égide des forces de police du Québec (FPQ, et plus tard la Sûreté du Québec ou “SQ”). En 1978, les grandes municipalités comme Sherbrooke et Magog ont pu garder leurs forces dans le tact. En revanche, d’autres villes comme Lennoxville et de Brome ont été au bord du gouffre d’être englouti par la force provinciale. D’autres encore tels que Compton, Cliff Ayer et North Hatley avaient déjà succombé à la consolidation et la perte de leurs forces tout à fait. Avec la consolidation venu confusion. La compétence et les responsabilités de la SQ ont progressé à un rythme accéléré. Ils ne étaient pas familiers avec le nouveau territoire et ont lutté pour maintenir des niveaux adéquats de service. La force FPQ connu comme la division Coaticook n’avait que dix-huit hommes pour couvrir plus de 2500 miles carrés, du lac Memphrémagog à l’est à la frontière du New Hampshire à l’ouest, à partir de la périphérie de Sherbrooke tout le chemin du Sud à la ville de Stanstead sur la frontière du Vermont. Les changements ont été source de confusion pour la police et du public. Par exemple, un court, deux mile drive sur la route 143 – la rue principale qui traverse Lennoxville -Est-vous guider à travers pas moins de trois juridictions de police – ceux de la police de Sherbrooke municipale, la division Coaticook de la FPQ, et la force commune de police de Lennoxville.

Des problèmes similaires ont été reflétés dans des villes comme Montréal. Selon l’endroit où un crime a eu lieu à «Montréal», la force de l’enquête pourrait être la police de Montréal (SPVM), la police provinciale (FPQ / SQ), la police hors de l’île de Longueuil ou Laval, ou enquêteurs fédéraux de la GRC, ou une combinaison de ces forces! Dans le cas de Katherine Hawkes, parce que le corps a été retrouvé dans une gare du CN, ce était sur des terres fédérales, de sorte que la GRC a pris la tête, même si la gare Val Royal est carrément au milieu de l’île de Montréal. Le cas Hawkes a été étudiée en grande partie dans l’isolement d’autres crimes de Montréal depuis plus de 37 ans, plus que probablement un grand contributeur à la raison pour laquelle le cas ne est pas résolu.

Gangs

 IMG_0349Aussi longtemps que il ya eu des motos il ya eu des gangs de motards au Québec, mais il ne était pas jusqu’à la fin des années 1970 que les gangs se organisent. Gangs comme le Popeyes et Les Devil’s Disciples étaient les précurseurs des Hells Angels au Québec, avec le premier chapitre Hells étant formé à Sorel, au Québec à la fin de 1977. En 1978, les journaux étaient remplis de contes de ‘Bébé’ Laverdière et le Black Spiders qui avaient pleine règne sur la province .. Rapports de meurtres de drogue, étranglés go-go danseurs, corps de membres de gangs rivaux tournant dans les rivières locales ancrées aux jantes et des blocs de ciment événements où hebdomadaires. En 1978, la SQ a déclaré que le problème de motards était leur priorité numéro un. Comme documenté par Paul Cherry dans The Gazette, la perturbation et le chaos causés par les factions en conflit de motards ont continué pendant une décennie jusqu’à ce que le Lennoxille Massacre en 1985; l’assassiner violente de cinq membres des Hells Laval qui a finalement conduit à une période de relative calme et la consolidation de la culture des motards au Québec. Près de 20 ans et une guerre de motards plus tard, nous apprenions ce que nous avions toujours soupçonné: que la relation entre la police, le gouvernement et le crime organisé au Québec a été compromise, et que toutes les parties ont une longue histoire de collaboration.

Crime Organisé

Frank "Le Gros" Cotroni

Frank “Le Gros” Cotroni

Le Vincent Cotroni était une organisation mafieuse basée à Montréal avec des liens étroits avec la famille Bonanno à New York. Des années 1950 jusqu’au milieu des années 1970, la famille Cotroni contrôlait le commerce de la drogue de Montréal, dirigée par le patron de la famille, Vic Cotroni. En 1975, Vic Cotroni était malade en matière de santé, et les opérations ont été remis l’héritier de la famille sur le trône, Paolo Violi. En Janvier 1978, Violi a été assassiné. Finalement, le jeune frère de Vic, Frank serait prendre le contrôle du crime organisé à Montréal, mais qui ne était pas jusqu’à ce que le printemps de 1979, lorsque Frank Cotroni a été mis en liberté conditionnelle d’un pénitencier américain. Depuis près d’un-et-un-moitié-année il y avait un vide du pouvoir virtuel dans le crime organisé au Québec.

Désorganisation dans le crime organisé , la culture des gangs et le gouvernement ; ce était l’environnement dans les années 1970 dans laquelle les meurtres de Sharron Prior , Denise Bazinet , Hélène Monast , Louise Camirand , Jocelyne Houle , Johanne Dorion , Katherine Hawkes , Claudette Poirier , Chantal Tremblay , Manon Dubé et Theresa Allore survenus .

Est-ce que ces cas restent non résolus en raison de conspiration ou d’incompétence , une culture de l’indifférence et de compromis ? Nous ne savons pas .

Mais considérer la caricature suivante à partir d’une édition de 1975 de Photo Police:

IMG_0501

Considèrent en outre que au moins deux des victimes mentionnées ci-dessus avaient été violés par des objets contondants . Maintenant, considérons ce que la caricature suggère effectivement : Non seulement le viol était une norme culturelle accepté dans la société québécoise dans les années 1970 , il a été invité , considéré comme plein d’humour, et suggestive pratiquée par les agents mêmes choisi de protéger les citoyens contre les dommages et la victimisation.

( Toutes les photos sont la propriété / courtoisie utilisé de Allo Police / Section Rouge Média Inc. )

 


Quebec Power Vacuum 1975 – 1979

“It was like the wild west.”

Private Investigator Robert Buellac describing the conditions of crime and law enforcement in Quebec in the late 1970s.

IMG_0355

Homicide Investigators, Surete du Quebec 1970s

In a post titled Quebec 1977: Who was the Bootlace Killer,  I presented information to suggest a possible connection between approximately 20 disappearances and unsolved murders in the province of Quebec in the late 1970s.  Between 1975 and 1981 young women routinely went missing and turned up dead in rural and wooded areas. Many of them were straggled, raped and brutally beaten.

Montreal 1977

Montreal 1977

In the Winter of 1977, the Quebec tabloid, Allo Police reported that there had been 212 homicides in the province in 1976, 4 per week, with 1 in 4 of those crimes going unsolved by the police. Two years later the Sherbrooke Record proclaimed “Townships Crime worst in Quebec”.  Statistics released by the Quebec Police Commission showed that the Eastern Townships had the highest rate of crime of any region in Quebec in 1978. The report noted that crimes against persons had “skyrocketed” in the region. The eleven Township municipalities having their own police forces collectively logged 377 crimes in the nature of homicides, rapes, sex crimes, armed robberies and other assaults in the year 1978. This was a 9% increase from the 345 crimes against persons reported in 1977. For those Township municipalities that did not have their own police forces – towns patrolled by the Quebec Police Forces (QPF) – the figures were even worse. The QPF showed a rise in violent crimes against persons from 87 in 1977 to 142 in 1978, a staggering increase of 63%. Raynald Gendron, the director of the police commission’s research and statistics division stated there was no accounting for the increase in crime.

Gendron’s statement is false and irresponsible. Though the specific actions that led to these crimes – and more pointedly to the murders and disappearances cited in the Bootlace Killer piece – are to this day unknown, the conditions which gave rise to this environment of disorder and lawlessness are familiar and well documented:

Political Unrest

In the 1976 provincial election, the Parti Québécois was elected for the first time to form the government of Quebec. Regardless of where you sit on the argument of whether this was ultimately good or bad for the province, the original elected members of the Parti Québécois were academics, not managers. They were not well equipped with the tools of decision making, communication and leadership that were so greatly need in a time of social upheaval and change. The Quiet Revolution unfolded with the previous Liberal administration; the PQ government was not well positioned to manage it. Almost immediately the new party got down to the business of what is always most important in regime change: investigating the actions of the prior government. In 1977 René Lévesque  launchds the Malouf Commission’s Public Inquiry into Jean Drapeau’s 1976 Montreal Olympics (and you thought Charbonneau was something new).  The Commission was a huge time-suck on the new and inexperienced PQ government. While attending to grand spectacles like public inquiries, the Parti Québécois took its eye off the ball of the day-to-day aspects of governing like public safety, organized crime, and education; with education specifically coming home to roost in their indecision over granting a certain small Eastern Township CEGEP permission to build a new dormitory for their newly created college. Champlain college would continue to use their grossly inadequate facility in Compton, Quebec, resulting in disastrous consequences for students (as documented many times on this website).

Police Force Consolidation

IMG_0423

Surete du Quebec: Arrêt Stop

After assuming power, the Parti Québécois began a project of consolidation that was merging smaller police forces under the umbrella of the Quebec Police Forces (QPF, and later the Surete du Quebec or “SQ”). In 1978, larger municipalities such as Sherbrooke and Magog were able to keep their forces in tact. By contrast, other towns such as Lennoxville and Brome were teetering on the brink of being swallowed up by the Provincial force. Still others such as Compton, Ayer’s Cliff and North Hatley had already succumbed to consolidation and lost their forces altogether. With consolidation came confusion. The QPF’s jurisdiction and responsibilities were growing at an accelerated pace. They were unfamiliar with the new territory and struggled to keep up adequate levels of service. The QPF force known as the Coaticook division had just eighteen men to cover over 2500 square miles, from Lake Memphremagog in the east to the New Hampshire border in the west, from the outskirts of Sherbrooke all the way South to the town of Stanstead on the Vermont border. The changes were confusing to both the police and public. For example, a short, two mile drive on route 143 – the main drag through Lennoxville -would take you through no less than three police jurisdictions – those of the Sherbrooke Municipal Police, the Coaticook division of the QPF, and the town police force of Lennoxville.

Similar problems were mirrored in cities like Montreal. Depending on where a crime took place in “Montreal”, the investigating force could be the Montreal police (SPVM), the provincial police (QPF / SQ), off-island police from Longueuil or Laval, or Federal investigators from the RCMP, or a combination of these forces! In the case of Katherine Hawkes, because the body was found at a CN train station, it was on federal land, so the RCMP took the lead, even though the Val Royal train station is squarely in the middle of the island of Montreal. The Hawkes case has been investigated largely in isolation from other Montreal crimes for over 37 years, more than likely a large contributor to why the case remains unsolved.

Gangs

IMG_0349For as long as there have been motorcycles there have been biker gangs in Quebec, but it wasn’t until the late 1970s that the gangs became organized.  Ganks like the Popeyes and the Devil’s Disciples were the forerunners of the Hells Angels in Quebec, with the first Hells chapter being formed in Sorel, Quebec in late 1977. In 1978, the newspapers were filled with tales of ‘Bébé’ Laverdière and the Black Spiders, who had full reign over the province.. Reports of drug killings, strangled go-go dancers, bodies of rival gang members turning up in local rivers anchored to wheel rims and cement blocks where weekly events. In 1978 the SQ stated that the biker problem was their number one priority. As documented by Paul Cherry in The Gazette, the disruption and chaos caused by conflicting biker factions continued for a decade until the Lennoxille Massacre in 1985; the violent murder of five Laval Hells members which ultimately lead to a period of relative quite and consolidation in Quebec biker culture. Almost 20 years and a biker war later we would learn what we had always suspected: that the relationship between police, the government and organized crime in Quebec was compromised, and that all parties had a long history of working together.

Organized Crime

Frank "Le Gros" Cotroni

Frank “Le Gros” Cotroni

The Cotroni crime family was a Mafia organization based in Montreal with strong ties to the Bonanno crime family in New York. From the 1950s through to the mid-1970s the Cotroni family controlled the Montreal drug trade, led by the family boss, Vic Cotroni. By 1975 Vic Cotroni was ailing in health, and operations were turned over the the family heir to the throne, Paolo Violi. In January 1978, Violi was assassinated. Eventually, Vic’s younger brother, Frank would take control of organized crime in Montreal, but that wasn’t until the Spring of 1979 when Frank Cotroni was paroled from a U.S. penitentiary.  For almost a year-and-a-half there was a virtual power vacuum in organized crime in Quebec.

Disorganization in organized crime, gang culture and the government; this was the environment in the late 1970s in which the murders of Sharron Prior, Denise Bazinet, Helene Monast, Louise Camirand, Jocelyne Houle, Johanne Dorion, Katherine Hawkes, Claudette Poirier, Chantal Tremblay, Manon Dube and Theresa Allore occured.

Do these cases remain unsolved due to conspiracy or incompetence, a culture of indifference and compromise? We do not know.

But consider the following cartoon from a 1975 edition of Photo Police:

IMG_0501

Further consider that at least two of the victims mentioned above had been violated by blunt objects. Now consider what the cartoon actually suggests: Not only was rape an accepted cultural norm in Quebec society in the 1970s, it was invited, considered humorous, and suggestively practiced by the very agents elected to protect citizens from harm and victimization.

(All photos are the  property/used courtesy of Allo Police/Section Rouge Média Inc.)

 


Sharron Prior – March 29, 1975

sprior

Some words and a prayer for Sharron Prior who died 40 years ago tomorrow, Sunday, March 29th, 1975.

This is the oldest cold-case where I share a personal relationship with the family of the victim. The Priors (Sharron’s mother and sisters) became friends a number of years ago through our shared victim experience, and we have stayed in touch for close to 10 years. I had the great privilege about 2 summers ago to have coffee with Yvonne at her lovely home in St. Charles. We kicked-the-can over these cold cases one more time, sharing our ideas and frustrations.  

Ours is a club you’d never want to join, but we survivors of tragedy are a resilient, supportive, intelligent – and above all else – humorous bunch. I had a Skype interview with a Quebec journalist last weekend. She was surprised to hear the extent to which we all stood together and communicated with each other. The Priors, Monasts, Dubes, Camirands, Allores; we stay in touch and watch out for each other. We all know a break in a cold-case for one will be a victory for all; anything to advance the cause of justice in these horrible crimes that took place in the late 1970s in Quebec.

 


Les Hells et la Purge de Lennoxville

La Gazette a publié un excellent morceau par Paul Cerise sur trentième anniversaire d’aujourd’hui de la purge de Lennoxville, la date à laquelle les membres de Hells Angels du Québec assassiné cinq membres de la section Laval de la gang notoire de bikers.

Membres du Les Hells / Laval

Comme cerise raconte, cinq membres de la bande est devenu le chapitre Laval défunte – Guy-Louis (Chop) Adam, Jean-Guy (Brutus) Geoffrion, Laurent (l’Anglais) Viau, Michel (Willie) Mayrand et Jean-Pierre Mathieu – ont été abattus à l’intérieur du bunker qui était situé au 375, rue de la Reine, à Lennoxville. Laval membres étaient soupçonnés de profits de la drogue écrémage destinés à d’autres chapitres des Hells. Les corps ont été démembrés et jetés dans le fleuve Saint-Laurent. Plongeurs de la police situés les corps en décomposition des victimes enveloppées dans des sacs de couchage et attachés à des plaques d’haltérophilie.

Police supprimer cadavres de la rivière Saint -Laurent

Je ai souvent demandé si je pensais que la mort de Therea était lié aux gangs de motards à Lennoxville dans le cadre de certains viols rituelle et assassiner. Ma réponse est non, je ne crois pas que son assassiner est lié de cette façon, mais cela ne signifie pas encore que sa mort était pas le résultat de la réunion avec les motards au mauvais endroit et mauvais moment. Je ai simplement le rabais, élément gangs d’initiation rituelle de la théorie, qui semble tiré par les cheveux pour moi.

Le Bunker Hells a Lennoxville au 375 rue Queen

 

Quelques questions et observations:

1. La première source de revenu pour les motards était drogues et médicaments proviennent de ports. Alors, imaginez motards de Sorel ou Laval courir médicaments aux chapitres dans des endroits comme Lennoxville et Sherbrooke. Ces médicaments se distribués dans les écoles et les collèges dans la région comme Alexander Galt et le collège Champlain, et maintenant nous avons une connexion en place et le temps entre Thérèsa et motards.

2. Qui sont les membres du chapitre Laval des Hells Angels représenté sur la photo dans la Gazette? Il serait intéressant de savoir qui ils sont tous, et ce qu’ils sont jusqu’à présent.

3. Lorsqu’il ne est pas en cours d’exécution médicaments et commettre des crimes qu’est-ce que les motards faire dans les Cantons de l’Est? Mis à part le stéréotype de motards, ce était leur culture?

4. À l’hiver 1978, deux informateurs de la police ont été assassinés le style d’exécution long chemin McDonald à Lennoxville. Deux habitants ont été reconnus coupables des crimes et servi 25 ans pour les meurtres, mais il a été bien documentés que ces hommes ont été accusés à tort et ont pris l’automne pour crimes effectivement commis par les Hells Angels. A un moment je ai écrit de nombreux articles sur ce cas sur ce blog, mais je ai été menacé et tous les détails ont été anéantis. La question demeure, est la disparition et assassiner de Thérèse en connecté de toute façon à ces 1 978 meurtres et la culture des motards au Québec?

Voici l’article complet de Paul Cherry:

Thirty years ago, the Hells Angels summoned five of their members to a quiet town in the Eastern Townships where they were slaughtered in one of the most notorious crimes committed in Quebec.
When news emerged about what happened on March 24, 1985, inside the Hells Angels bunker on a wooded hill in the town next to Sherbrooke, Quebecers woke up to what the biker gang was capable of in this province. As the bikers involved in the slayings were rounded up in the months that followed, it would have been easy to assume the gang was finished in this province. Only five ended up with life sentences for first-degree murder (about a dozen others who helped dispose of the bodies or get rid of evidence received lighter sentences).

Five members of the gang’s now defunct Laval chapter — Guy-Louis (Chop) Adam, Jean-Guy (Brutus) Geoffrion, Laurent (l’Anglais) Viau, Michel (Willie) Mayrand and Jean-Pierre Mathieu — were gunned down inside the bunker. At least two other members of the Laval chapter were supposed to be killed that day as well, but they failed to show up for the meeting. A sixth man linked to the Laval chapter, prospect Claude (Coco) Roy, was killed two weeks later, on April 7, 1985, by Hells Angel Michel (Jinx) Genest. According to testimony later heard during a coroner’s inquest, 41 members of the gang’s Montreal, Sherbrooke and Halifax chapters were present in Lennoxville when the men were slaughtered.

The bodies were dumped in a river wrapped in sleeping bags and weighed down by cinder blocks and weights.

The slaughter came to be known as the Lennoxville Purge and instead of signalling the beginning of the end of the gang’s presence in Quebec, it surprisingly became stronger in the years that followed.

André Cédilot, a reporter with La Presse when the murders occurred, said it was easy for the public to assume, as arrests were being made, that the gang’s history in Quebec would be short. The gang’s first chapter in Canada, Montreal, was chartered in 1977 and its members set up a bunker in Sorel. Instead of being its downfall, the Lennoxville Purge helped set the template for what was to come and helped turn the gang into one of the most powerful criminal organizations in Quebec, Cédilot said. He also covered other cases where the police rounded up large numbers of Hells Angels, notably in Operation Springtime 2001, and in 2009, in Operation SharQc.

“At that moment (in 1985) the Hells Angels were doing a cleanup to become a real criminal organization,” he said. “Before that, they were disorganized and unruly. They were like a street gang. After 1982, they really started to organize themselves. The cleanup came in 1985.”

By 1985, the Hells Angels had become partners with other criminal organizations, including the West End Gang and the Mafia. Those groups were more businesslike and expected the same from their associates. As the stakes got higher and the Hells Angels became involved in multi-million dollar drug deals, there was little room for sloppiness. Cédilot, who is retired, said he was the first reporter to do a story explaining the motive behind the Lennoxville Purge. It involved a hellscomplicated debt the Hells Angels’ Montreal and Laval chapters owed to West End Gang leader Frank Peter (Dunie) Ryan. But it also involved the Montreal chapter’s growing resentment over how some members of the Laval chapter were constantly partying, consuming cocaine they were supposed to sell and how they didn’t fit into to the plans the gang had for the future.

“The (Laval) guys weren’t following the steps the others were taking. They fit the traditional image of bikers. They were always partying, always high on cocaine. It was going against the new philosophy of the Hells Angels. The other Hells Angels wanted to be businessmen.”

What eventually became clear was that the men associated with the Laval chapter who weren’t considered future elite drug traffickers were killed and any others were placed in other chapters.

The proof of the change in philosophy came in the years that followed. Maurice (Mom) Boucher, who was recruited into the Hells Angels’ Montreal chapter a few years after the Lennoxville Purge, was a thoroughly organized individual while acting as its leader in Quebec. Also, many of the men who are currently members own legitimate businesses.

An undated photo of the Laval chapter of the Hells Angels, which saw five of its members killed 30 years ago in what became known as the Lennoxville Purge as the group who were not in line with plans for the biker gang to become a serious player in organized crime in Quebec.
An undated photo of the Laval chapter of the Hells Angels, which saw five of its members killed 30 years ago in what became known as the Lennoxville Purge as the group who were not in line with plans for the biker gang to become a serious player in organized crime in Quebec.

The five who ended up with life sentences for the six murders have all since been granted parole. But they each took their own paths to get there:

Jacques Pelletier was granted full parole by the Parole Board of Canada, at age 58, on May 6, 2013, but it was revoked last year. According to a police intelligence report on the slaughter, Pelletier was considered to be one of the leaders behind the plot. He was also the person in charge of controlling other gang members who were brought to witness the murders as a means to send them a message to fall in line.

During recent parole board hearings, Pelletier has maintained that all he did on March 24, 1985, was point a firearm in the face of one individual in order to control him and then he burned one victim’s leather jacket with the Hells Angels logo on it.

Pelletier quit the Hells Angels in 1995, which helped convince the parole board that he was done with the gang when he was granted full parole in May 2013. Six months later, on Nov. 21, 2013, a woman approached a police officer on patrol near a park and a school (the location is not mentioned in the recent parole decision) and expressed concern about two men she considered suspicious who had been hanging out in the park for a while.

One of the men turned out to be Pelletier and the other was a man who had been convicted of armed robbery and was part of a criminal organization with ties to the Hells Angels. Pelletier was returned to prison for violating the conditions of his parole, especially one that he not associate with known criminals. He later told the parole board he agreed to do some work for the man that was legal, but he was paid $200 under the table for it. The parole board was disappointed because Pelletier had done essentially the same thing while on day parole, in 2012, and claimed he had learned his lesson. He is incarcerated at a federal penitentiary.

Réjean Lessard, who was granted full parole, at age 55, on Aug. 11, 2010, underwent a stunning transformation after he was convicted on five counts of first-degree murder. While serving his sentence, he quit the gang in 1989 and later stopped hanging out with anyone associated with the Hells Angels. By 2004, a psychiatrist who examined Lessard found that he had abandoned his faith in the Hells Angels in exchange for another faith, Buddhism.

He was granted day parole in 2008 after the board was presented with convincing evidence of Lessard’s change. A parole officer recounted how Lessard showed no interest at all in material possessions and his cell was always completely bare.

“It was an extreme situation. The most serious thing that can happen (in that milieu) is an internal conflict,” Lessard told the parole board in 2008 while confirming the theory that the motive behind the slayings involved the Laval chapter’s consumption of cocaine and the money problems generated by it.

When he was granted full parole in 2010, he was described as “a model of compliance” whose understanding of his religion “has permitted you to radically change your values and behaviour.”

Michel Genest was granted full parole, at age 51, on March 3, 2010. He quit the Hells Angels in 1994 while he was behind bars and serving a life sentence for killing Claude Roy, a prospect in the Laval chapter, days after the Lennoxville Purge. Genest, one of the members of the Laval chapter who was spared after he agreed to transfer to the Montreal chapter, arranged to meet Roy at a hotel on the South Shore and beat him to death.

Genest admitted to the parole board that Roy was killed for not following the Hells Angels rules against consuming hard drugs, like cocaine and heroin, and also because the gang suspected he was a police informant. He told the board Roy died while he was trying to get information out of him.

Luc Michaud was granted full parole, at age 53, on May 6, 2005. In 2001, Michaud convinced a jury that he merited a chance to be eligible for parole before 25 years, which is standard for first-degree murder convictions. He made the request through the so-called faint-hope clause, a part of the Criminal Code that has since been repealed.

“I sincerely regret participating in that slaughter,” Michaud told the jury in 2001 while denying he actually shot anyone that day. “I had no right to decide anyone’s fate, even if they were like I was at that time.”

He also told the jury he had found God after he was convicted and that the Hells Angels kicked him out of the gang in 1993 because he constantly criticized other gang members who were incarcerated with him. The jury agreed and decided to reduce his parole eligibility date to 15 years.

Robert Tremblay was granted full parole, at age 50, on Aug. 30, 2004. Tremblay followed Michaud’s lead and convinced a jury, in 2003, that he also had changed enough, since taking part in the murders of five men, that he merited a chance at an earlier parole eligibility date.

The police had evidence that Tremblay quit the Hells Angels in December 1995, shortly after an appellate court refused to hear an appeal of his murder convictions.

“My identity was the (Hells Angels). I sincerely deplore having taken the life of another person,” Tremblay told the parole board before he was granted a full release. “I am very aware that I have to watch out for who I associate with and that I have everything to lose if I return to the criminal world.”

 


Hells Angels and the Lennoxville Purge

The Gazette published an excellent piece by Paul Cherry on today’s thirtieth anniversary of the Lennoxville Purge, the date when members of Quebec’s Hells Angels assassinated 5 members of the Laval chapter of the notorious biker gang.

Members of the Laval Hells Chapter

Members of the Laval Hells Chapter

As Cherry tells it, five members of the gang’s now defunct Laval chapter — Guy-Louis (Chop) Adam, Jean-Guy (Brutus) Geoffrion, Laurent (l’Anglais) Viau, Michel (Willie) Mayrand and Jean-Pierre Mathieu — were gunned down inside the bunker which was located at 375 Queen street in Lennoxville. Laval members were suspected of skimming drug profits intended for other Hells chapters. The bodies were dismembered and dumped in the Saint Lawrence river. Police divers located the decomposing bodies of the victims wrapped in sleeping bags and tied to weightlifting plates.

Police pull bodies from St. Lawrence

Police pull bodies from St. Lawrence

I have often been asked if I thought Theresa’s death was related to the biker gangs in Lennoxville as part of some ritualistic rape and murder. My answer is, no, I do not believe her murder is related in that way, but that still does not mean her death was not a result of meeting up with bikers at the wrong place and wrong time. I simply discount the ritualistic, gang initiation element of the theory, which seems far fetched to me.

The Lennoxville Hells Bunker 375 Queen street

The Lennoxville Hells Bunker 375 Queen street

Some questions and observations:

1. The earliest source of income for bikers was drugs, and drugs come from ports. So, imagine bikers from Sorel or Laval running drugs to chapters in places like Lennoxville and Sherbrooke. These drugs get distributed to high schools and colleges in the area like Alexander Galt and Champlain college, and now we have a connection in place and time between Theresa and bikers.

2. Who are the members in the Laval chapter of the Hells Angels depicted in the photo in The Gazette? It would be interesting to know who they all are, and what they are up to now.

3. When not running drugs and committing crimes what did the bikers do in The Eastern Townships? Apart from the stereotype of bikers, what was their culture?

4. In the Winter of 1978, two police informants were assassinated execution style along chemin McDonald in Lennoxville. Two locals were convicted of the crimes and served 25 years for the murders, but it was well documented that these men were falsely accused and took the fall for crimes actually committed by the Hells Angels. At one time I wrote extensively about this case on this blog, but I was threatened and all details have been wiped. The question remains, was Theresa’s disappearance and murder in anyway connected to these 1978 murders and the Quebec biker culture?

Here is Paul Cherry’s full article:

Thirty years ago, the Hells Angels summoned five of their members to a quiet town in the Eastern Townships where they were slaughtered in one of the most notorious crimes committed in Quebec.
When news emerged about what happened on March 24, 1985, inside the Hells Angels bunker on a wooded hill in the town next to Sherbrooke, Quebecers woke up to what the biker gang was capable of in this province. As the bikers involved in the slayings were rounded up in the months that followed, it would have been easy to assume the gang was finished in this province. Only five ended up with life sentences for first-degree murder (about a dozen others who helped dispose of the bodies or get rid of evidence received lighter sentences).

Five members of the gang’s now defunct Laval chapter — Guy-Louis (Chop) Adam, Jean-Guy (Brutus) Geoffrion, Laurent (l’Anglais) Viau, Michel (Willie) Mayrand and Jean-Pierre Mathieu — were gunned down inside the bunker. At least two other members of the Laval chapter were supposed to be killed that day as well, but they failed to show up for the meeting. A sixth man linked to the Laval chapter, prospect Claude (Coco) Roy, was killed two weeks later, on April 7, 1985, by Hells Angel Michel (Jinx) Genest. According to testimony later heard during a coroner’s inquest, 41 members of the gang’s Montreal, Sherbrooke and Halifax chapters were present in Lennoxville when the men were slaughtered.

The bodies were dumped in a river wrapped in sleeping bags and weighed down by cinder blocks and weights.

The slaughter came to be known as the Lennoxville Purge and instead of signalling the beginning of the end of the gang’s presence in Quebec, it surprisingly became stronger in the years that followed.

André Cédilot, a reporter with La Presse when the murders occurred, said it was easy for the public to assume, as arrests were being made, that the gang’s history in Quebec would be short. The gang’s first chapter in Canada, Montreal, was chartered in 1977 and its members set up a bunker in Sorel. Instead of being its downfall, the Lennoxville Purge helped set the template for what was to come and helped turn the gang into one of the most powerful criminal organizations in Quebec, Cédilot said. He also covered other cases where the police rounded up large numbers of Hells Angels, notably in Operation Springtime 2001, and in 2009, in Operation SharQc.

“At that moment (in 1985) the Hells Angels were doing a cleanup to become a real criminal organization,” he said. “Before that, they were disorganized and unruly. They were like a street gang. After 1982, they really started to organize themselves. The cleanup came in 1985.”

By 1985, the Hells Angels had become partners with other criminal organizations, including the West End Gang and the Mafia. Those groups were more businesslike and expected the same from their associates. As the stakes got higher and the Hells Angels became involved in multi-million dollar drug deals, there was little room for sloppiness. Cédilot, who is retired, said he was the first reporter to do a story explaining the motive behind the Lennoxville Purge. It involved a hellscomplicated debt the Hells Angels’ Montreal and Laval chapters owed to West End Gang leader Frank Peter (Dunie) Ryan. But it also involved the Montreal chapter’s growing resentment over how some members of the Laval chapter were constantly partying, consuming cocaine they were supposed to sell and how they didn’t fit into to the plans the gang had for the future.

“The (Laval) guys weren’t following the steps the others were taking. They fit the traditional image of bikers. They were always partying, always high on cocaine. It was going against the new philosophy of the Hells Angels. The other Hells Angels wanted to be businessmen.”

What eventually became clear was that the men associated with the Laval chapter who weren’t considered future elite drug traffickers were killed and any others were placed in other chapters.

The proof of the change in philosophy came in the years that followed. Maurice (Mom) Boucher, who was recruited into the Hells Angels’ Montreal chapter a few years after the Lennoxville Purge, was a thoroughly organized individual while acting as its leader in Quebec. Also, many of the men who are currently members own legitimate businesses.

An undated photo of the Laval chapter of the Hells Angels, which saw five of its members killed 30 years ago in what became known as the Lennoxville Purge as the group who were not in line with plans for the biker gang to become a serious player in organized crime in Quebec.
An undated photo of the Laval chapter of the Hells Angels, which saw five of its members killed 30 years ago in what became known as the Lennoxville Purge as the group who were not in line with plans for the biker gang to become a serious player in organized crime in Quebec.

The five who ended up with life sentences for the six murders have all since been granted parole. But they each took their own paths to get there:

Jacques Pelletier was granted full parole by the Parole Board of Canada, at age 58, on May 6, 2013, but it was revoked last year. According to a police intelligence report on the slaughter, Pelletier was considered to be one of the leaders behind the plot. He was also the person in charge of controlling other gang members who were brought to witness the murders as a means to send them a message to fall in line.

During recent parole board hearings, Pelletier has maintained that all he did on March 24, 1985, was point a firearm in the face of one individual in order to control him and then he burned one victim’s leather jacket with the Hells Angels logo on it.

Pelletier quit the Hells Angels in 1995, which helped convince the parole board that he was done with the gang when he was granted full parole in May 2013. Six months later, on Nov. 21, 2013, a woman approached a police officer on patrol near a park and a school (the location is not mentioned in the recent parole decision) and expressed concern about two men she considered suspicious who had been hanging out in the park for a while.

One of the men turned out to be Pelletier and the other was a man who had been convicted of armed robbery and was part of a criminal organization with ties to the Hells Angels. Pelletier was returned to prison for violating the conditions of his parole, especially one that he not associate with known criminals. He later told the parole board he agreed to do some work for the man that was legal, but he was paid $200 under the table for it. The parole board was disappointed because Pelletier had done essentially the same thing while on day parole, in 2012, and claimed he had learned his lesson. He is incarcerated at a federal penitentiary.

Réjean Lessard, who was granted full parole, at age 55, on Aug. 11, 2010, underwent a stunning transformation after he was convicted on five counts of first-degree murder. While serving his sentence, he quit the gang in 1989 and later stopped hanging out with anyone associated with the Hells Angels. By 2004, a psychiatrist who examined Lessard found that he had abandoned his faith in the Hells Angels in exchange for another faith, Buddhism.

He was granted day parole in 2008 after the board was presented with convincing evidence of Lessard’s change. A parole officer recounted how Lessard showed no interest at all in material possessions and his cell was always completely bare.

“It was an extreme situation. The most serious thing that can happen (in that milieu) is an internal conflict,” Lessard told the parole board in 2008 while confirming the theory that the motive behind the slayings involved the Laval chapter’s consumption of cocaine and the money problems generated by it.

When he was granted full parole in 2010, he was described as “a model of compliance” whose understanding of his religion “has permitted you to radically change your values and behaviour.”

Michel Genest was granted full parole, at age 51, on March 3, 2010. He quit the Hells Angels in 1994 while he was behind bars and serving a life sentence for killing Claude Roy, a prospect in the Laval chapter, days after the Lennoxville Purge. Genest, one of the members of the Laval chapter who was spared after he agreed to transfer to the Montreal chapter, arranged to meet Roy at a hotel on the South Shore and beat him to death.

Genest admitted to the parole board that Roy was killed for not following the Hells Angels rules against consuming hard drugs, like cocaine and heroin, and also because the gang suspected he was a police informant. He told the board Roy died while he was trying to get information out of him.

Luc Michaud was granted full parole, at age 53, on May 6, 2005. In 2001, Michaud convinced a jury that he merited a chance to be eligible for parole before 25 years, which is standard for first-degree murder convictions. He made the request through the so-called faint-hope clause, a part of the Criminal Code that has since been repealed.

“I sincerely regret participating in that slaughter,” Michaud told the jury in 2001 while denying he actually shot anyone that day. “I had no right to decide anyone’s fate, even if they were like I was at that time.”

He also told the jury he had found God after he was convicted and that the Hells Angels kicked him out of the gang in 1993 because he constantly criticized other gang members who were incarcerated with him. The jury agreed and decided to reduce his parole eligibility date to 15 years.

Robert Tremblay was granted full parole, at age 50, on Aug. 30, 2004. Tremblay followed Michaud’s lead and convinced a jury, in 2003, that he also had changed enough, since taking part in the murders of five men, that he merited a chance at an earlier parole eligibility date.

The police had evidence that Tremblay quit the Hells Angels in December 1995, shortly after an appellate court refused to hear an appeal of his murder convictions.

“My identity was the (Hells Angels). I sincerely deplore having taken the life of another person,” Tremblay told the parole board before he was granted a full release. “I am very aware that I have to watch out for who I associate with and that I have everything to lose if I return to the criminal world.”

 


Repost: Québec 1977: Qui était “The Bootlace Killer”?

Il y avait un tueur en série exploitation non seulement dans les Cantons de l’Est dans les années 1970, mais aussi dans la région de Montréal. Appeler The Bootlace Killer. Louise Camirand, Helen Monast, Denise Bazinet et Theresa Allore étaient tous très probablement étranglé par une ligature mince. Camirand avec son lacet, Monast et Bazinet probablement avec leurs lacets de chaussures, et ma soeur, Theresa Allore avec son écharpe (elle portait des pantoufles chinoises sans lacets quand elle a disparu). Parce que certains de ces cas se prolonger dans la région de Montréal, ils remettent en cause de nombreuses autres enquêtes sur des meurtres de cette époque qui demeurent non résolus, notamment le meurtre non élucidé de Sharron Prior.

Permettez-moi de commencer en disant que je n’aime pas les théories unificatrices, en particulier celles impliquant des tueurs en série. Mais compte tenu de l’explosion des informations échangées grâce à l’Internet dans les derniers 10 ans, la communication entre les familles des victimes dans ces cas et la grande quantité de cyber-détectives, et le fait que, dans ces 10 années, le Québec application de la loi n’a pas résolu aucun de ces cas, l’affaire exige maintenant une certaine innovation, l’imagination et – avant tout – une simple curiosité.  Il est temps pour une nouvelle approche.

L’enquête initiale

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clairement très lisibles autour du cou.

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clairement très lisibles autour du cou.

Quand la théorie d’un prédateur en série errant dans les Cantons de l’Est a été mis en avant il ya dix ans, nous ne faisions que bavarder sur 3 cas; Theresa Allore, Manon Dubé et Louise Camirand (pour un rapide rappel sur ces cas, consultez le site Wikipedia ici) . Ce qui a rendu cette théorie était si convaincante le timing et l’immédiateté géographique de tous les crimes. Comme géographique Profiler, Kim Rossmo résumé:

“Trois meurtres de jeunes femmes à faible risque dans une période de 19 mois, dans un tel pôle géographique serré, est hautement suspecte, et ne sera probablement pas le fruit du hasard.”

Cependant, il ya des différences dans certaines circonstances. Dube était un enfant trouvé entièrement vêtu et que la cause exacte de sa mort n’a jamais été déterminée.  Allore a probablement été étranglé, vraisemblablement par son écharpe. Louise Camirand était le cas le moins insaisissable, elle a clairement été étranglée par son lacet de chaussure, et ses bottes n’ont jamais été retrouvés.

Denise Bazinet

Le cas de Denise Bazinet, à ma connaissance, a été oublié.Chalut sur ​​Internet et vous trouverez une référence à cela: Le journaliste québécois, Jacques Guay couvert apparemment le cas en 1977. L’affaire a été assis dans les archives d’ Allo Police depuis 35 ans où j’ai récemment découvert.

Denise Bizanet: marques de strangulation clairement visibles.

Denise Bizanet: marques de strangulation clairement visibles.

Comme beaucoup de victimes, 23 ans, Denise Bazinet était une femme à faible risque.  Elle a travaillé comme caissière à Saint-Hubert barbecue.  Dans la nuit de sa disparition, elle a été vu la dernière fois dans un restaurant local.  Elle a disparu de Montréal à l’automne 1977. Son corps demi-nu a été retrouvé le 24 Octobre 1977, à côté de l’autoroute 35 près de la sortie Saint-Luc Chambly, à l’est de La Prairie.  Bazinet avait été agressée sexuellement et étranglée.  Elle portait ses bijoux, une montre, boucles d’oreilles, une bague à son doigt.  Certains de ses vêtements a été retrouvé jonché long de l’accotement de la route, mais certains éléments ont été portés disparus. Elle portait sa chaussure droite – chaussures de sport avec des lacets épais – mais sa chaussure gauche était éteint et jeté sur la route.  La scène du crime photo de Bazinet montre clairement la ligne mince le long de son cou où la marque de strangulation a été faite, sans doute par quelque chose de léger comme son lacet de chaussure.  La scène du crime est un peu moins de 10 miles de Chambly, au Québec, où seulement 6 semaines plus tôt Hélène Monast a été retrouvée étranglée.

Hélène Monast

Scène de crime d'Hélène Monast

Scène de crime d’Hélène Monast

11 septembre 1977. Encore une fois, une femme à faible risque.  Elle était sortie avec des amis le soir de sa disparition, vu la dernière fois dans un restaurant local, Chez Marius. Elle a été trouvée dans la rue dans un parc public le long du canal de Chambly. Vêtements a été écartée le long du côté du corps … des objets personnels, un paquet de cigarettes Export A, une boîte de Chiclets. Certains articles de vêtements manquaient, notamment ses chaussures. Les enquêteurs ont demandé à sa famille au moment de la découverte si Helene portait des chaussures à lacets. Lorsque la sœur d’Hélène a vu le corps a remarqué une ligne mince le long de son cou de stragulation.

Louise Camirand, Denise Bazinet, Hélène Monast, et Theresa Allore. Femmes à faible risque. Toutes trouvé dans les milieux boisés ou rural. Articles d’habillement manquant.Dans le cas de Camirand, Monast et chaussures Allore sont absents. Articles d’habillement éparpillés à côté des corps.  Bijoux à gauche sur la plupart des victimes. Tous étranglé, vraisemblablement par ligatures minces comme un lacet de chaussure ou un foulard.

 

Scène de crime de Denise Bizanet

Scène de crime de Denise Bizanet

L’ajout d’Bazinet et Monast les 3 cas originaux de Camirand, Dube et Allore étend le rayon géographique au-delà des Cantons de l’Est du Québec dans la région de Montréal.  Je crois que c’est un exercice digne d’envisager d’autres homicides non résolus de la même époque dans la même région avec victimologies similaires. Il a été près de 40 ans et de police du Québec n’ont pas été en mesure de faire progresser la résolution de tous ces cas, il est temps pour certains un regard neuf.

Jocelyne Houle

24 ans Jocelyne Houle a disparu de l’ancien bar Munich au centre-ville de Montréal (au coin de Saint-Denis et Dorchester / René-Lévesque) en Avril 1977 un mois après la disparition de Louis Camirand à Sherbrooke. Son corps a été retrouvé sur le côté d’une route rurale à Saint-Calixte, au nord de Laval. Elle a été agressée sexuellement et battue. Articles d’habillement ont été dispersés. Ses chaussures ont été retirés. On ne sait pas comment elle est morte, mais son rapport d’autopsie devrait être examinée pour voir si le coroner a déterminé qu’elle a été étranglée.

Johanne Dorion

17 ans, Johanne Dorion a été vu la dernière fois par un chauffeur de bus le long de la 9e avenue à Fabreville, Laval, le 30 Juillet 1977, six semaines avant l’assassiner Monast.  Elle a été retrouvée peu après cinq pâtés de maisons dans une zone boisée le long des berges de la rivière des Mille Îles.  Le corps a été gravement décomposé, mais elle avait été poignardée.  Notez que les deux Houle et Dorion étaient étudiants en soins infirmiers, et Camirand ont travaillé à un cabinet dentaire.

Katherine Hawkes

34 ans Hawkes a été retrouvé dans une zone boisée à côté de la gare de Val Royal CN le 20 Septembre 1977, 9 jours après l’assassiner Monast, et un mois avant l’assassiner de Bazinet.  Elle a été agressée sexuellement, battu et poignardé. Ses vêtements étaient empilés environ 12 pieds de l’organisme. Les effets personnels avaient disparu, y compris son sac à main.

———————————— ————

Huit cas qui pourraient être liées. Maintenant Arrêtons-nous un instant.  Peu de ce que j’ai proposé est jusqu’ici originale. Je soulevai. Dans un 6ème Novembre, 1977 Article sur le Bazinet assassiner Denise, Allô Police impliquait que six de ces cas pourraient être liés: Bazinet, Camirand, Houle, Dorion, Monast et Hawkes. Mais ce Allô Police a laissé entendre, c’est que compte tenu du timing – 6 meurtres en 8 mois – le rythme accéléré pourrait suggérer un lien.Je veux dire ceci, mais un autre élément. Heure et lieu sont certes importants, mais la victimologie est similaire: les femmes à faible risque, des sites boisés en milieu rural, des vêtements éparpillés ou manquant, étranglement dans la plupart des cas.  Et quelque chose Allô police ne pouvait pas savoir à l’automne de 1977, il serait / pourrait être d’autres cas, notamment Theresa Allore et Manon Dube.  Un autre divulgation.  La connexion Camirand / Dube / Allore?C’était trop pas une idée originale. Allô police a suggéré qu’il en référençant chacun des cas dans leurs articles, à chaque fois qu’un nouveau corps a été découvert.

Peut-on aller plus loin?

Ayant allé aussi loin, pourquoi s’arrêter là si il ya d’autres cas froids qui correspondent à la victimologie? Comme je l’ai dit, les policiers du Québec n’ont pas de nouvelles idées, nous allons donc considérer ce qui suit:

Claudette Poirier

15 ans, Claudette Poirier a disparu de Drummondville Juillet 27, 1977.  Plus tard, sa bicyclette a été récupéré par le côté d’une route rurale dans la région. Près de 10 ans plus tard ses os ont été retrouvés dans un terrain de camping local.  Nous ne savons pas comment elle est morte.

Chantal Tremblay

17 ans, Chantal Tremblay a disparu de Rosemère le 29 Juillet 1977. Son corps a été retrouvé 8 mois plus tard à Terrebonne. Elle a été assassinée, mais nous ne savons pas comment elle est morte. Son rapport d’autopsie devrait être examinée pour voir si le coroner a déterminé qu’elle a été étranglée.

Unidentified

inconnue

Une victime assassiner entre les âges de 18 et 25 a été découvert le long chemin de lac dans Longeueil le 2 Avril, 1977. Et compte tenu de l’heure et du lieu de cette découverte, ce qui conduit alors revenir à l’examen de l’assassiner de …

 Sharron Prior

Scène de crime de Sharron Prior

Scène de crime de Sharron Prior

De tous ces cas, Sharon est préalable et le plus connu.  Compte tenu de la géographie, le calendrier et la victimologie son cas doit être examiné en ces matières.  Cela fait près de 40 ans, et la police Longeueil n’ont rien avancé.

Considérez ceci:

 La victime non identifiée à partir de 1977 et Sharron Prior ont tous deux été découvert le long du chemin du Lac à Longeueil Avant a disparu de Montréal, et – comme Bazinet, Tremblay et Houle – son corps a été retrouvé au large de l’île dans les «banlieues». Prior a été retrouvé dans une zone boisée. Ses vêtements étaient éparpillés autour de la scène de crime. Il ya des obstacles à établir une connexion; Prior est un cas 1975 (fait qui remontent trop loin?). Elle a été sauvagement battu, sa poitrine était effondré, une dent a été tirée à travers la lèvre.  At-elle été étranglée? Nous ne savons pas.

Mais peut-être Sharron Prior a lutté dur. Peut-être qu’elle résistait son agression plus que les autres. Si vous regardez les photos de la scène du crime de Camirand, Monast et Prior, c’est la même victimologie, vous pensez que vous cherchez à la même scène de crime.

Y at-il autre chose?

Certainement. La question est de savoir dans quelle mesure avant et arrière êtes-vous prêt à aller?  Que doit-on envisager?  Voici mes meilleurs / pires idées:

Alice Pare

14 ans Pare disparaît de son école à Drummondville en Février 1971.  Son corps est retrouvé en Avril 1971 à une zone boisée près de Victoriaville. Elle avait été étranglée.

Tammy Leakey

Le jeune de 12 ans est porté disparu depuis la Pointe Saint Charles à Montréal blocs d’où Sharron Prior a disparu en Mars 1981.  Son corps est découvert peu de temps après à Dorval, violée, poignardée une fois, et étranglée, éventuellement avec un cordon. Il y avait toujours des critiques que Manon Dube ne correspondait pas au profil parce qu’elle était trop jeune (10 ans). Je pense que le viol et assassiner des Leakey met fin à tous les doutes au sujet de qui un prédateur peut proie à.

Les cas suivants sont disparitions.  Ils ont juste disparu. Nous ne savons pas si elles étaient des fugueurs, ou ce qui leur est arrivé:

Johanne Danserault: 16, disparu de Fabreville, Juin 1977

Sylvie Doucet: 13, disparu de Montréal-Est, Juin 1977

Elizabeth Bodzy: 14, disparu Laval, Juillet 1977

La police a besoin de se pencher sur ces cas pour déterminer s’ils se sont enfuis de chez eux, s’ils ont été assassinés ou si ils ont simplement «disparu».

Voici une animation GIF montrant l’emplacement de disparition, suivie d’où les corps ont été découverts image vaut mille mots Dans les années 1970, quelqu’un a corps en mouvement de Sherbrooke et de l’île de Montréal..:

gifmaker slow

 

 

 

 

 

Pour voir plus de cartes de cliquer sur ce lien.

À l’exception d’Hélène Monast, aucun de ces cas sont inclus dans le fichier de Cold Case de la Sûreté du Québec pour examen spécial. application de la loi du Québec (SQ, du SPVM, Longeueil, la GRC, Laval) tous besoin de travailler ensemble pour examiner la preuve dans ces cas.  Ces cas doivent être réexaminés en tant que groupe de meurtres sexuels potentiellement liés.  A l’, la preuve tout le moins physique des cas (si tout cela existe encore) devrait être réexaminé en utilisant des tests d’ADN moderne, et tous les éléments de preuve devrait être un renvoi à rechercher des modèles potentiels et des liens.

(Toutes les photos sont la propriété d’occasion / courtoisie de Allo Police / Section Rouge Média Inc.)

 


Repost: Quebec 1977: Who Was The Bootlace Killer?

There was a serial killer operating not only in the Eastern Townships in the 1970s, but also in the Montreal region. Call him The Bootlace Killer. Louise Camirand, Helen Monast, Denise Bazinet and Theresa Allore were all most likely strangled by a thin ligature. Camirand with her bootlace, Monast and Bazinet most likely with their shoe laces, and my sister, Theresa Allore with her scarf (she was wearing Chinese slippers with no laces when she disappeared). Because some of these cases extend into the Montreal region, they call into question many other murder investigations from that era that remain unsolved, most notably the unsolved murder of Sharron Prior.

Let me begin by stating that I do not like unifying theories, especially those involving serial killers. But given the explosion in information exchanged due to the Internet in the last 10-years, the communication between the Victims’ families in these cases and the vast amount of cyber-sleuthing, and the fact that within these 10 years Quebec law enforcement has not solved any of these cases; the matter now requires some innovation, imagination and – above all else – simple curiosity. It is time for a fresh approach.

The original investigation

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clearly visable around  neck.

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clearly visable around neck.

When the theory of a serial predator roaming the Eastern Townships was first put forward ten years ago we were only talking about 3 cases; Theresa Allore, Manon Dube and Louise Camirand (for a quick refresher on those cases, check out the Wikipedia site here). What made this theory so compelling was the timing and geographic immediacy of all the crimes. As Geographic Profiler, Kim Rossmo summarized:

“Three murders of low-risk young women in a 19-month period, in such a tight geographic cluster, is highly suspicious, and not likely to be a chance occurrence.”

However, there were differences in some of the circumstances. Dube was a child found fully clothed and the exact cause of her death has never been determined. Allore was most likely strangled, presumably by her scarf . Louise Camirand was the least elusive case; she was clearly strangled by her boot lace, and her boots were never recovered.

 

 

 

Denise Bazinet

The case of Denise Bazinet, to my understanding, has been forgotten. Trawl the internet and you will find one reference to it: The Quebec journaliste, Jacques Guay apparently covered the case in 1977. The case has been sitting in the archives of Allo Police for 35 years where I recently discovered it.

Denise Bizanet: marks of strangulation clearly visable.

Denise Bizanet: marks of strangulation clearly visable.

Like many of the victims, 23-year-old Denise Bazinet was a low risk female. She worked as a cashier at Saint Hubert barbeque. On the night of her disappearance she was last seen at a local restaurant. She disappeared from Montreal in the Fall of 1977. Her semi-nude body was found on October 24th, 1977 at the side of autoroute 35 near the Chambly Saint-Luc exit, east of La Prairie. Bazinet had been sexually assaulted and strangled. She was wearing her jewelry; a watch, earrings, a ring on her finger. Some of her clothing was found strewn along the shoulder of the road, but some items were missing. She was wearing her right shoe – sport shoes with thick laces – but her left shoe was off and discarded along the road. The crime scene photo of Bazinet clearly shows the thin line along her neck where the mark of strangulation was made, presumably by something thin like her shoe lace. The crime scene is just under 10 miles from Chambly, Quebec where just 6 weeks earlier Helene Monast was found strangled.

 

Helene Monast

Crime scene of Helene Monast

Crime scene of Helene Monast

September 11, 1977. Again, a low risk female. She was out with friends the night she disappeared, last seen at a local restaurant, Chez Marius. She was found across the street in a public park along the Chambly canal. Clothing was discarded along side of the body… personal items; a pack of Export A cigarettes, a box of Chiclets. Some articles of clothing were missing, notably her shoes. Investigators asked her family at the time of the discovery whether Helene wore shoes with laces. When Helene’s sister saw the body she noticed a thin line along her neck from stragulation.

 

 

 

Louise Camirand, Denise Bazinet, Helene Monast, and Theresa Allore. Low risk females. All found in wooded or rural settings. Articles of clothing missing. In the case of Camirand, Monast and Allore shoes are missing. Articles of clothing scattered next to the bodies. Jewelry left on most of the victims. All strangled, presumably by thin ligatures like a shoe lace or a scarf.

 

Crime scene of Denise Bizanet

Crime scene of Denise Bizanet

 

The addition of Bazinet and Monast to the original 3 cases of Camirand, Dube and Allore extends the geographic radius beyond the Eastern Townships of Quebec to the Montreal region. I believe it a worthy exercise to consider other unsolved homicides from the same era in the same region with similar victimologies. It has been close to 40 years and Quebec police have not been able to advance the resolution of any of these cases, it’s time for some fresh eyes.

 

 

 

 

 Jocelyne Houle

24 year old Jocelyne Houle disappeared from the Old Munich bar in downtown Montreal (corner of St. Denis and Dorchester / Rene Levesque) in April 1977, one month after Louis Camirand’s disappearance in Sherbrooke. Her body was found along the side of a rural road in Saint Calixte, North of Laval. She was sexually assaulted and beaten. Articles of clothing were scattered. Her shoes were removed. It is not known how she died, but her autopsy report should be examined to see if the coroner determined she was strangled.

Johanne Dorion

17 year old Johanne Dorion was last seen by a bus driver along 9th avenue in Fabreville, Laval on July 30th, 1977, six weeks before the Monast murder. She was found shortly thereafter five blocks away in a wooded area along the banks of Riviere des Mille Iles. The body was badly decomposed, but she had been stabbed. Note that both Houle and Dorion were nursing students, and Camirand worked at a dental office.

Katherine Hawkes

34 year old Hawkes was found in a wooded area next to the Val Royal CN train station on September 20th, 1977, 9 days after the Monast murder, and a month before the Bazinet murder. She was sexually assaulted, beaten and stabbed. Her clothing was stacked about 12 feet from the body. Personal items were missing, including her purse.

————————————

Eight possibly related cases. Now let’s pause for a moment. Little of what I have proposed so far is original.   I lifted it.   In a November 6th, 1977 article on the Denise Bazinet murder, Allo Police implied that six of the cases might be related: Bazinet, Camirand, Houle, Dorion, Monast and Hawkes. But what Allo Police was suggesting was that given the timing – 6 murders in 8 months – the accelerated pace might imply a connection. I am suggesting this, but a further element. Time and place are certainly important; but the victimology is similar: low risk women, rural wooded sites, clothing scattered or missing, strangulation in most cases. And something Allo Police could not have known in the Fall of 1977; there would be / could be more cases, most notably Theresa Allore and Manon Dube. One further disclosure. The Camirand / Dube / Allore connection? That too was not an original idea. Allo Police suggested it by referencing each of the cases in their articles, each time a new body was discovered.

Can we go further?

Having gone this far, why stop there if there are other cold cases that fit the victimology? As I have said, the Quebec police don’t have any new ideas, so let’s consider the following:

Claudette Poirier

15 year old Claudette Poirier disappeared from Drummondville July 27, 1977. Later her bicycle was recovered from the side of a rural road in the area. Nearly 10 years later her bones were recovered in a local camp ground. We don’t know how she died.

Chantal Tremblay

17 year old Chantal Tremblay disappeared from Rosemere on July 29, 1977. Her body was recovered 8 months later in Terrebonne. She was murdered, but we don’t know how she died. Her autopsy report should be examined to see if the coroner determined she was strangled.

Unidentified

unknown

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A murder victim between the ages of 18 and 25 was discovered along chemin de lac in Longeueil on April 2nd, 1977. And given the time and place of this discovery, this then leads back to the consideration of the murder of…

Sharron Prior

Crime scene of Sharron Prior

Crime scene of Sharron Prior

Of all these cases, Sharon Prior’s is the most widely known. Given the geography, timing and victimology her case should be considered in these matters. It’s been nearly 40 years, and the Longeueil Police have advanced nothing.

Consider this:

The unidentified victim from 1977 and Sharron Prior were both discovered along Chemin de Lac in Longeueil. Prior went missing from Montreal, and – like Bazinet, Tremblay and Houle – her body was found off the island in the “suburbs”. Prior was found in a wooded area. Her clothing was scattered around the crime scene. There are obstacles with making a connection; Prior is a 1975 case (does that go back too far?). She was savagely beaten; her chest was collapsed, a tooth was driven through her lip. Was she strangled? We don’t know.

But maybe Sharron Prior fought harder. Maybe she resisted her assault more than the others. If you look at the crime scene photos of Camirand, Monast and Prior, it is the same victimology; you think you are looking at the same crime scene.

Is there anything else?

Certainly. The question is, how far forward and backward are you willing to go? What else should be considered? Here are my  best / worst ideas:

 Alice Pare

14 year old Pare disappears from her school in Drummondville in February, 1971. Her body is found in April 1971 in a wooded area near Victoriaville. She had been strangled.

Tammy Leakey

The 12 year old goes missing from Point Saint Charles in Montreal blocks from where Sharron Prior disappeared in March 1981. Her body is discovered soon after in Dorval; raped, stabbed once, and strangled, possibly with a cord or lace. There was always criticism that Manon Dube didn’t fit the profile because she was too young (10 years old). I think the rape and murder of Leakey puts to rest any doubts about who a predator may prey upon.

The following cases are disappearances. They just vanished. We don’t know if they were runaways, or what happened to them:

Johanne Danserault: 16, disappeared from Fabreville, June 1977

Sylvie Doucet: 13, disappeared East Montreal, June 1977

Elizabeth Bodzy: 14, disappeared Laval, July 1977

The police need to look into these cases to determine if they ran away from home, if they were murdered or if they simply “vanished”.

Here is a GIF animation showing locations of disappearances, followed by where bodies were discovered. Worth a thousand words. In the 1970s, someone was moving bodies out of Sherbrooke, and off the island of Montreal:

gifmaker slow

 

 

 

 

 

 

To see more maps click on this link.

With the exception of Helene Monast, none of these cases are included in the Surete du Quebec’s  cold case file for special examination. Quebec law enforcement (SQ, SPVM,Longeueil, RCMP, Laval) all need to work together to consider the evidence in these cases. These cases need to be re-examined as a group of potentially linked sex murders. At the very least, physical evidence from the cases (if any of it still exists) should be re-examined using modern DNA testing, and all the evidence should be cross-referenced to look for potential patterns and links.

(All photos are the  property/used courtesy of Allo Police/Section Rouge Média Inc.)

 


Ontario revamps efforts to name unidentified dead

What a mess: To summarize; to speed up the process of identification, the Federal government consolidated missing persons databases into a centralized system. But the new centralized system is too slow and bureaucratic, so provinces like Ontario want to go back to their former, individualized process:

From the Globe & Mail:

When the federal government created a national missing-persons centre in 2011, the presumption was it would supplant siloed provincial and territorial online efforts and serve as a better tool for matching the vanished with the anonymous dead.

But the RCMP-led National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR) hasn’t progressed fast enough for Ontario, the province with the most anonymous dead. A Globe and Mail investigation has found that Canada’s strategy falls far short of the U.S. model, considered the gold standard.

The Ontario chief coroner’s office and forensic pathology service are now working with the provincial police to revamp their digital outreach to help identify the nameless and bring some closure to families of the disappeared. In some cases, identifications could breathe new life into stalled police investigations and help bring killers to justice.

“We have a responsibility to the people of Ontario and we can’t abdicate our responsibility to a federal agency,” said forensic anthropologist Kathy Gruspier, who is leading a review of Ontario’s 239 unidentified-remains cases.

The Conservative government had heralded the national centre’s creation, noting it would serve as an important investigative tool for police and death investigators, and could also help address the “disturbing number” of unsolved cases of murdered and missing aboriginal women.

But The Globe has found that Canada’s national strategy, compared with that of the United States, is less citizen-driven and doesn’t store records such as dental charts and X-rays, which could assist in identifying human remains. NCMPUR also does not know whether its database analysis is leading to confirmed identifications.

Federal plans for a much-anticipated DNA data bank to link missing persons with unidentified remains, expected in 2017, are also falling short of the U.S. model. The RCMP have told The Globe that Ottawa will not pay for DNA testing, as Washington does. It will also be up to Canadian police, coroners and medical examiners to decide which types of DNA to profile. In the U.S., a centralized lab always attempts to analyze two types.

Some aboriginal leaders are now calling on Ottawa to strengthen its plans for the data bank, saying families of vanished women deserve answers. Indigenous women are far more likely to go missing or be killed than non-aboriginal women. In May, the RCMP released an unprecedented report showing 1,181 aboriginal women disappeared or were slain between 1980 and 2012.

Jean-Christophe de Le Rue, a spokesman for Public Safety Minister Steven Blaney, said the government is committed to ensuring the data bank is effective. He said DNA analysis will be consistent with international practices.

There are 697 anonymous dead in Canada, according to a Globe survey of the country’s coroners and medical examiners. One-third of those remains are in Ontario.

The chief coroner’s office and the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) launched a program to link the missing and unidentified in 2006. While updates to the public website have languished since the national centre’s creation, reports on missing persons and unidentified remains continue to be added to the database. Software is used to search for possible matches between missing persons reported to the OPP and Ontario’s unidentified remains.

The provincial effort, called Project Resolve, has led to the identification of 21 dead people since 2006, the OPP said. Meanwhile, the national centre, which launched a website in 2013 and a database for cross-matching last year, has not yet helped solve a single Ontario unidentified-remains case. The BC Coroners Service, which has 183 anonymous dead, said it doesn’t know whether tips from the national centre have helped identify any of its deceased.

NCMPUR has received 130 tips since its website started; other tips may have been reported to Crime Stoppers or the investigating agency noted on the site. The national centre’s database has flagged a dozen potential matches, but it’s unknown how many have led to identifications.

Ontario’s retooled effort is expected this year. The provincial website will include more information about individual cases than exists on the RCMP site.

Ontario’s chief coroner, Dirk Huyer, said he wants the NCMPUR initiative to work. Developing a robust national system is the best way to link cases that cross provincial and territorial boundaries and international borders, he noted.

“Anything we can do at the bigger, broader level [is for] the best,” the chief coroner said, stressing that his office is still co-operating with the national centre.

OPP Detective Superintendent Dave Truax said Project Resolve underscored the need for a national effort. By working with BC Coroners Service – an initiative that also began in 2006 – Ontario was able to put names to some of its deceased.

“It’s extremely important that Canada capitalizes on the opportunity to network all or our provinces and territories together,” Det. Supt. Truax said.

 


FBI probes hanging death of black teen in North Carolina #LennonLacy

Teenager’s mysterious death evokes painful imagery in North Carolina: ‘It’s in the DNA of America’

The swing set where Lennon Lacy was found hanging  in the rural town of Bladenboro, North Carolina

The swing set where Lennon Lacy was found hanging in the rural town of Bladenboro, North Carolina

From The Guardian:

Friday 29 August was a big day for Lennon Lacy. His high school football team, the West Bladen Knights, were taking on the West Columbus Vikings and Lacy, 17, was determined to make his mark. He’d been training all summer for the start of the season, running up and down the bleachers at the school stadium wearing a 65lb exercise jacket. Whenever his mother could afford it, he borrowed $7 and spent the day working out at the Bladenboro gym, building himself up to more than 200lbs. As for the future, he had it all planned out: this year he’d become a starting linebacker on the varsity team, next year he’d earn a scholarship to play football in college, and four years after that he’d achieve the dream he’d harboured since he was a child – to make it in the NFL.

“He was real excited,” said his Knights team-mate Anthony White, also 17, recalling the days leading up to the game. “He said he was looking forward to doing good in the game.”

The night before the game, Lacy did what he always did: he washed and laid out his football clothes in a neat row. He was a meticulous, friendly kid who made a point of always greeting people and asking them how they were doing. Everybody in his neighbourhood appears to have a story about how he would make a beeline to shake their hand, or offer to help them out by moving furniture or anything else that needed doing. “He was in the best sense a good kid,” said his pastor, Barry Galyean.

His brother, Pierre Lacy, said that football was the constant that ran through Lennon’s life since he started out as a Pee Wee: “He was very serious about being a professional, very passionate about it. He never changed his mind or wavered from the course.”

Lennon Lacy

Lennon Lacy

But Lacy never made it to the game that night. At 7.30am on Friday – exactly 12 hours before the game was scheduled to start – he was found hanging from a swing set about a quarter of a mile from his home. The Knights had lost one of the most promising players; his tight-knit family was thrown into despair; and a question echoed around the streets of the tiny town of Bladenboro, North Carolina: what had happened to Lennon Lacy?

The last person known to have seen Lacy alive was his father, Larry Walton. Around midnight on the night before the game, he came out of his bedroom to fetch a glass of water and saw his son preparing his school bag for the following morning. “I told him he needed to get to bed, the game was next day, and he said ‘OK, Daddy’.” A little later Walton heard the front door open and close; Walton assumed Lacy must have stepped out of the house, but thought no more of it and went to sleep.

Next morning there was no sign of Lacy, and Walton and Lacy’s mother, Claudia, thought he’d gone off to school. Later that morning, Claudia noticed he’d left some of his football gear on the line, so she called the school to say she’d bring it to him before the game. She was surprised to be told that her son hadn’t turned up at school. Just as she put the phone down, there was a knock on the door, and the Bladenboro police chief, Chris Hunt, was standing in front of her.

“I need you to come with me,” he said.

Claudia was led to a trailer park a short walk from her home, where an ambulance was parked on the grass next to a wooden swing set. Even before she had got to the ambulance she saw police officers clearing away the crime scene tape that had been placed around the swing.

Then she saw Lennon’s body lying in the ambulance in a black body bag, and on top of the immense shock and grief of seeing her son lifeless in front of her, the bewilderment intensified. “I know my son. The second I saw him I knew he couldn’t have done that to himself – it would have taken at least two men to do that to him.”

She noticed what she describes as scratches and abrasions on his face, and there was a knot on his forehead that hadn’t been there the day before. In a photograph taken of Lacy’s body lying in the casket, a lump is visible on his forehead above his right eye. “From that point on it was just not real, like walking through a dream,” she said.

Five days after Lennon Lacy was found hanging, the investigating team – consisting of local police and detectives from the state bureau of investigation – told the family that it had found no evidence of foul play. There was no mention of suicide, but the implication was clear. In later comments to a local paper, police chief Hunt said: “There are a lot of rumours out there. And 99.9% of them are false.”

The Lacys were left with the impression that, for the district attorney, Jon David, and his investigating team, the question of what had happened to Lennon Lacy was all but settled just five days after the event. But it wasn’t settled for them.

As the Rev William Barber, head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in North Carolina, put it at a recent memorial service for Lennon Lacy held at the family’s church, the First Baptist in Bladenboro: “Don’t ask these parents to bury their 17-year-old son and then act as though everything is normal. Don’t chastise them for asking the right questions. All they want is the truth.”

From that point on it was just not real, like walking through a dream
Barber was careful to stress that that truth was elusive – no one knows what happened to Lennon Lacy, he said, beyond the bald facts of his death. If a full and thorough investigation concluded that the teenager had indeed taken his own life, then the Lacy family would accept that.

But Barber also talked about the chilling thought that lingered, otherwise unmentioned, over the scores of black and white people attending the packed memorial. “The image of a black boy hanging from a rope is in the souls of all of us,” he told them. “It is in the DNA of America. In 2014, our greatest prayer is that this was not a lynching.”

Pierre Lacy with his mother, Claudia Lacy who holds a picture of her late son Lennon Lacy in his younger days. Photograph: Andrew Craft/The Guardian
In Bladenboro, a town of just 1,700 people – 80% white, 18% black – the bitter legacy of the South’s racial history is never far from the surface. The African Americans have a nickname for the place: they call it “Crackertown” in reference to its longstanding domination by the white population.

The events of 29 August have become entangled in that historical narrative, inevitably perhaps in a state in which 86 black people were lynched between 1882 and 1968.

While America debates whether it is moving into a post-racial age, the truth in Bladenboro is that the past is very much here and now, and that the terrible image of “strange fruit” will hover over this town for as long as the truth about Lennon Lacy’s death remains uncertain.

Which is paradoxical, because Lacy had joined a multiracial youth group across town at the Galeed Baptist church where he went for weekly services and basketball ministry, and his friends were black and white, in almost equal measure.

For several months before he died, he was also in a relationship with a white woman, Michelle Brimhall, who lives directly opposite the Lacy family home. The liaison with Brimhall raised eyebrows because, at 31, she was almost twice his age. (The age of consent in North Carolina is 16.)

“Everybody was going on to me because he was 17 and I am 31,” Brimhall told the Guardian. “We told people we weren’t seeing each other so they would stop giving us trouble.”

The Lacy family said that Brimhall had split up with Lacy a couple of weeks before he died and that she had a new boyfriend. But she denied that. “We were still together, I did not break up with him,” she said. “I had never had a man treated me as good as he did, and I probably will never find another.”

Brimhall said she did not notice any hostility towards them as a mixed-race couple. But she is convinced that Lennon did not take his own life. “No, Lennon did not kill himself. He loved his mother so much, he would never put her through that.”

She added: “I want to know who did it. I want them to suffer.”

Lennon Lacy’s first football team, in Virginia. Lennon is No52 on the far left.
Brimhall’s close friend, Teresa Edwards, lives a few doors down from the Lacys. Edwards said that she was desperate to find out the truth, particularly as Lacy was such a good person. “For him to be black – I’m not stereotyping or anything, I’m not racist, I love everybody – but he was a very well-mannered child.”

A white couple, Carla Hudson and Dewey Sykes, live in a trailer home right behind the Lacy house. Soon after Lennon died his family learned that a few years ago Sykes and Hudson had been instructed by police to remove from their front lawn a number of Confederate flags and signs saying “Niggers keep out”.

The Guardian asked the couple why they had put up the signs. Sykes said that it was his idea. “There were some kids who ganged up on our kid and I put some signs up.” Asked whether he now regretted doing so, he replied: “Yeah, I regret it now.”

Carla Hudson said she had begged her husband to take the signs down. “I told him he had to stop that. It wasn’t how I saw things – there’s not a racist bone in my body.”

There is no evidence to suggest that either Hudson or Sykes had anything to do with Lacy’s death. Asked about the teenager, Hudson said: “Lennon was like a son to me, and this was his second home. He was nothing like the people we have trouble with. In my eyes he was just perfect.”

About a week after Lacy died, his family, with the help of the NAACP and their own lawyer, put together a list of questions and concerns that they presented to the district attorney. First, there was the overriding sense that Lennon was simply not the kind of boy to harm himself. He had no history of mental illness or depression, and was so focused on his future it was inconceivable he would intentionally cut it short.

The image of a black boy hanging from a rope is in the souls of all of us
The day before Lacy was found hanging, there had been a funeral service for his great uncle Johnny, who had died a couple of weeks previously. Lacy had been close to his uncle, and was visibly upset, but not to an extreme degree, his family said. He grieved “as a normal person would”, Claudia said.

Then there were those facial marks on his body. Even the undertaker, FW Newton Jr, who has worked as a mortician for 26 years, was taken aback by what he saw.

Newton told the Guardian that when he received Lacy’s body two days after he died, he was struck by the abrasions he saw across both shoulders and down the insides of both arms. He also noted facial indentations over both cheeks, the chin and nose. Though police have told the Lacy family that ants were responsible for causing the marks, to Newton the state of the body reminded him of corpses he had embalmed where the deceased had been killed in a bar-room fight.

The Guardian asked the local Bladenboro police department, the district attorney and the state bureau of investigation to respond to the allegation that they had conducted an inadequate investigation. They all declined to comment on the grounds that the investigation was ongoing.

In a statement posted on the Bladenboro town website, the district attorney, Jon David, said that the “victims [sic] family, and the community, can rest assured that a comprehensive investigation is well underway. All death investigations, particularly those involving children, are given top priority by my office. Investigations are a search for the truth, and I am confident that we have a dedicated team of professionals, and the right process, to achieve justice in this matter.”

David said that his team was keeping the Lacy family and its representatives closely apprised of the investigation, and had met community leaders to explain to them the current state of affairs. But he added that “to date we have not received any evidence of criminal wrongdoing surrounding the death”.

The family have many other questions that they still want answered. Who desecrated Lennon Lacy’s grave a few days after the burial, dumping the flowers 40 feet away beside the road and digging a hole in one corner of the plot? Why didn’t forensic investigators take swabs from under Lacy’s fingernails and DNA test them to see if he had been in physical contact with anybody else before he died? Have the police probed deeply enough into Lacy’s wider group of friends and acquaintances; the family were disturbed to find, for instance, that one white associate of Lennon’s had a Confederate flag as the backdrop to his Facebook page.

Lennon Lacy’s grave was desecrated and a small hole dug in the plot.
They also want to know why it is it taking so long for the autopsy report to come through, with still no date set for its public release five weeks after the event. So far only the toxicology report has come back, showing that Lacy had no drugs, alcohol or other chemicals in his bloodstream.

The location where Lacy was found, the mobile home park at the Cotton Mill, has also caused the family great difficulty. The swing set from which he was hanging is one of eight such sets standing in a line in the middle of a rectangle of 13 mobile homes. The spot is desolate and vulnerable, overlooked as it is by so many trailer homes, like a sports field surrounded by grandstands.

“If my brother wanted to take his own life, I can’t understand why he would do it in such an exposed place. This feels more like he was put here as a public display – a taunting almost,” Pierre Lacy said.

This feels more like he was put here as a public display – a taunting almost
Lacy was found wearing a pair of size 10.5 white sneakers, with the laces removed, which no one in his family recognised. A few days before he died, he had bought himself a new pair of Jordans for the start of school year. They were grey with neon green soles, size 12, and have been missing ever since.

The family also wonders why the former husband of Michelle Bramhill and the father of her children, whom she left in February before relocating to Bladenboro, has yet to be interviewed by detectives. There is no evidence to implicate him in the circumstances surrounding Lacy’s death, but the family would still like to know why detectives have yet to speak to him.

Allen Rogers, a Fayetteville lawyer with 20 years’ experience in criminal cases who is representing the Lacy family, said there were too many questions still unanswered. “I don’t believe that a thorough investigation has been done, and within that investigation, the evidence the police has compiled is not sufficient to rule out foul play. The concern is that there’s been a rush to judgment – a desire quickly to settle any issue over the cause of death,” he said.

Rogers conceded that it was hard for any family to accept a suicide in its midst, and that it would be natural in those circumstances to search for alternative explanations, to clutch at straws. But he said that in this case the clutching at straws appeared to have been on the part of “elected officials who can’t deal with the realities of race. Given the sensitivity of the issues here, it’s much easier to put this in a box marked ‘suicide’ than ask the tough questions. I’m afraid that politics have held back the investigation.”

A few hours after Lacy’s body was discovered, the coach of the West Bladen Knights called the team together to break to them the tragic news. He asked them what they wanted to do. They voted unanimously to play on, dedicating the game to their lost brother, Lennon Lacy. They won, 57-22.

 


Repose toi en paix, Gros Bill

10429393_10152931755343678_1820199923860212648_n

The last few years I’ve tried to keep these posts strictly about crime and justice. But – like most Quebecers – my life is so personally intertwined with the Montreal Canadiens.  So I’d like to write a little about the passing of Jean Béliveau, my childhood hero, who died last night at the age of 83.

How did I become a Montreal Canadiens fan? I had no choice in the matter. The story goes like this:

30897_391746648677_2175880_n

The blizzard of ’71. The first time they cancelled a Habs game. Our house on the left.

My family is from Trenton, Ontario. My father grew up playing river hockey along The Trent.  Trenton is sort of midway between Toronto and Montreal, and my relatives used to divide the Saturdays fairly evenly between when they’d travel to The Gardens to watch the Leafs, and when they’d drive to The Forum to watch the Habs. One time my grandfather and uncle were at a Leafs game. Between periods they would do what most men did; they’d go to the washroom and enjoy a snort from a hip-flask of rye. The police usually turned a blind eye to this activity, they would maybe run you out of the john with a good scolding. But on this occasion the Toronto police arrested my grandfather and uncle and locked them up. From then on, we were Canadiens fans.

Shinny on the pond: My brother and I face-off

Shinny on the pond: My brother and I face-off

My father was the first one in his family to attend college; Loyola, and then later McGill for engineering. What he really did in Montreal was play hockey. Two seasons with the Warriors  followed by two with the Redmen. My father was a goalie, and apparently a great one at that. He was team MVP for all four years; the only time that has been done there, let alone by a goalie.  They’d often play their games at the Forum when the Habs were on the road. This was in the age before masks. One night my mother (they were dating then) watched in horror as my dad took a puck to the face, knocking his eye out of his socket. They stitched him up on the ice.

His biggest thrill was having The Rocket guest referee one of his games. And I know my Dad was at the Forum the night of the Richard Riot.

The college teams  would practice in the early mornings at the Forum, after they’d finish, the Habs would come on to practice. Dad would skip class to watch The Rocket,  Boom-Boom, Béliveau, etc…   Eventually he started failing electrical engineering. The Jesuit priest came to the Forum and said, “make a choice; hockey or school”.

My father was invited to camp for both the Rangers and the Bruins. He never attended. This was still at the time with 6 teams, so 12 chances for a goalie to play in the NHL, and no pension. He became an engineer, and a father.

You could buy a poster of this at the Forum giftshop. It hung on my wall as a kid

You could buy a poster of this at the Forum giftshop. It hung on my wall as a kid

 

We did not know it at the time, but we grew up in a golden age in Montreal. Our  childhood was wedged between the Expo World’s Fair in 1967 and the Olympics in 1976. Everyone who experienced this will say the exact same thing: it was an absolute wonder to be living in Montreal at that time.  I think my father received tickets from the company he worked for, Dominion Bridge. He would take either my brother or sister, I remember because they would come home with the game programs, usually signed by Béliveau.

When I was old enough, I got to go too. I don’t recall sitting in the box seats. When I started going we’d usually sit in the corporate box. People usually scoff at the boxes today, but back then it was a big deal. You were very close at the Forum, and there was all this food, the instant replay on the television…  in an age before tablets and jumbo-screens this was heaven.

Many times I remember waiting in the lobby at the front of the Forum after a game with my father. Béliveau was one of the first to emerge from the dressing rooms, and he would always sign autographs. He was always so relaxed and gracious. He was like a movie star, Cary Grant and Father Christmas all rolled into one.

B39FbtLCEAAa2a8

Some Christmas’ were spent back in Trenton. I remember evenings at my grandparents’ farmhouse, all the adults gathered ’round the kitchen table playing cribbage, a mushroom cloud of cigarette smoke above, lot’s of talk of politics and hockey. There was always some cousin who received a Leafs jersey for Christmas, and you felt so sorry for them, like that kid in The Sweater. Most of my relatives who stayed in Ontario were Diefenbaker conservatives, and die-hard Leaf fans. And they had bragging rights then, Toronto stole a Cup in 1967.  They hated all things from Quebec. My grandfather had a mutt named Pierre, “because that was a name only fit for a dog”.  The nail in the coffin came years later when I started dating the granddaughter of Lester Pearson.

My dad would often come home from work with packets of hockey cards tucked in his overcoat. If you were sick that day he’d bring extras. Later I learned his secret; he kept a box in the garage and simply filled up there before he came in the basement door. I can still remember that excitement when you opened the pack and there was Béliveau: that was the card everyone wanted.

unnamed

Puck my father nabbed in the stands, from the Béliveau era

Saturday nights at home were for Hockey Night in Canada. We used to set our hockey cards up on the floor in front of the television and mimic  the plays every Saturday night. When a line change came, we’d change the cards. Yet somehow guys like Béliveau and The Flower never left the ice.

Dad met Béliveau once. He was having dinner  in La Mise au Jeu restaurant with Dickie Moore, who had gone into the construction industry after his playing career ended. In walked Jean, and Dickie made a point of introducing him to everyone, They all shook hands. My dad’s reaction? Béliveau was a gentleman, of course.

There were some great tributes written about Jean Béliveau today. Dave Stubbs in The Gazette,  Ken Dryden in The Star,  Red Fisher, and Stephen Brunt at Sportsnet are standouts, and will give you a more comprehensive perspective on what he meant as a player. These are just some of my thoughts on the passing of my very first hero.

Repose toi en paix, Gros Bill.

 


T-05

Ce site est du meurtre non résolu de Theresa Allore qui a été trouvé dans Compton, Québec le 13 Avril, 1979.

Si vous avez n'importe quelles informations à propos de la mort de Theresa et à propos de l'investigation contactent son frère John Allore: johnallore(@)gmail(dot)com. Merci.

This site is about the unsolved murder of Theresa Allore who died November 3, 1978 in the Eastern Townships of Quebec. If you have any information please contact her brother John Allore, johnallore(at)gmail (dot)com

kindle_badge_3

Subscribe to Blog via Email

    Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Older Posts