Repost: Quebec 1977: Who Was The Bootlace Killer?

There was a serial killer operating not only in the Eastern Townships in the 1970s, but also in the Montreal region. Call him The Bootlace Killer. Louise Camirand, Helen Monast, Denise Bazinet and Theresa Allore were all most likely strangled by a thin ligature. Camirand with her bootlace, Monast and Bazinet most likely with their shoe laces, and my sister, Theresa Allore with her scarf (she was wearing Chinese slippers with no laces when she disappeared). Because some of these cases extend into the Montreal region, they call into question many other murder investigations from that era that remain unsolved, most notably the unsolved murder of Sharron Prior.

Let me begin by stating that I do not like unifying theories, especially those involving serial killers. But given the explosion in information exchanged due to the Internet in the last 10-years, the communication between the Victims’ families in these cases and the vast amount of cyber-sleuthing, and the fact that within these 10 years Quebec law enforcement has not solved any of these cases; the matter now requires some innovation, imagination and – above all else – simple curiosity. It is time for a fresh approach.

The original investigation

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clearly visable around  neck.

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clearly visable around neck.

When the theory of a serial predator roaming the Eastern Townships was first put forward ten years ago we were only talking about 3 cases; Theresa Allore, Manon Dube and Louise Camirand (for a quick refresher on those cases, check out the Wikipedia site here). What made this theory so compelling was the timing and geographic immediacy of all the crimes. As Geographic Profiler, Kim Rossmo summarized:

“Three murders of low-risk young women in a 19-month period, in such a tight geographic cluster, is highly suspicious, and not likely to be a chance occurrence.”

However, there were differences in some of the circumstances. Dube was a child found fully clothed and the exact cause of her death has never been determined. Allore was most likely strangled, presumably by her scarf . Louise Camirand was the least elusive case; she was clearly strangled by her boot lace, and her boots were never recovered.




Denise Bazinet

The case of Denise Bazinet, to my understanding, has been forgotten. Trawl the internet and you will find one reference to it: The Quebec journaliste, Jacques Guay apparently covered the case in 1977. The case has been sitting in the archives of Allo Police for 35 years where I recently discovered it.

Denise Bizanet: marks of strangulation clearly visable.

Denise Bizanet: marks of strangulation clearly visable.

Like many of the victims, 23-year-old Denise Bazinet was a low risk female. She worked as a cashier at Saint Hubert barbeque. On the night of her disappearance she was last seen at a local restaurant. She disappeared from Montreal in the Fall of 1977. Her semi-nude body was found on October 24th, 1977 at the side of autoroute 35 near the Chambly Saint-Luc exit, east of La Prairie. Bazinet had been sexually assaulted and strangled. She was wearing her jewelry; a watch, earrings, a ring on her finger. Some of her clothing was found strewn along the shoulder of the road, but some items were missing. She was wearing her right shoe – sport shoes with thick laces – but her left shoe was off and discarded along the road. The crime scene photo of Bazinet clearly shows the thin line along her neck where the mark of strangulation was made, presumably by something thin like her shoe lace. The crime scene is just under 10 miles from Chambly, Quebec where just 6 weeks earlier Helene Monast was found strangled.


Helene Monast

Crime scene of Helene Monast

Crime scene of Helene Monast

September 11, 1977. Again, a low risk female. She was out with friends the night she disappeared, last seen at a local restaurant, Chez Marius. She was found across the street in a public park along the Chambly canal. Clothing was discarded along side of the body… personal items; a pack of Export A cigarettes, a box of Chiclets. Some articles of clothing were missing, notably her shoes. Investigators asked her family at the time of the discovery whether Helene wore shoes with laces. When Helene’s sister saw the body she noticed a thin line along her neck from stragulation.




Louise Camirand, Denise Bazinet, Helene Monast, and Theresa Allore. Low risk females. All found in wooded or rural settings. Articles of clothing missing. In the case of Camirand, Monast and Allore shoes are missing. Articles of clothing scattered next to the bodies. Jewelry left on most of the victims. All strangled, presumably by thin ligatures like a shoe lace or a scarf.


Crime scene of Denise Bizanet

Crime scene of Denise Bizanet


The addition of Bazinet and Monast to the original 3 cases of Camirand, Dube and Allore extends the geographic radius beyond the Eastern Townships of Quebec to the Montreal region. I believe it a worthy exercise to consider other unsolved homicides from the same era in the same region with similar victimologies. It has been close to 40 years and Quebec police have not been able to advance the resolution of any of these cases, it’s time for some fresh eyes.





 Jocelyne Houle

24 year old Jocelyne Houle disappeared from the Old Munich bar in downtown Montreal (corner of St. Denis and Dorchester / Rene Levesque) in April 1977, one month after Louis Camirand’s disappearance in Sherbrooke. Her body was found along the side of a rural road in Saint Calixte, North of Laval. She was sexually assaulted and beaten. Articles of clothing were scattered. Her shoes were removed. It is not known how she died, but her autopsy report should be examined to see if the coroner determined she was strangled.

Johanne Dorion

17 year old Johanne Dorion was last seen by a bus driver along 9th avenue in Fabreville, Laval on July 30th, 1977, six weeks before the Monast murder. She was found shortly thereafter five blocks away in a wooded area along the banks of Riviere des Mille Iles. The body was badly decomposed, but she had been stabbed. Note that both Houle and Dorion were nursing students, and Camirand worked at a dental office.

Katherine Hawkes

34 year old Hawkes was found in a wooded area next to the Val Royal CN train station on September 20th, 1977, 9 days after the Monast murder, and a month before the Bazinet murder. She was sexually assaulted, beaten and stabbed. Her clothing was stacked about 12 feet from the body. Personal items were missing, including her purse.


Eight possibly related cases. Now let’s pause for a moment. Little of what I have proposed so far is original.   I lifted it.   In a November 6th, 1977 article on the Denise Bazinet murder, Allo Police implied that six of the cases might be related: Bazinet, Camirand, Houle, Dorion, Monast and Hawkes. But what Allo Police was suggesting was that given the timing – 6 murders in 8 months – the accelerated pace might imply a connection. I am suggesting this, but a further element. Time and place are certainly important; but the victimology is similar: low risk women, rural wooded sites, clothing scattered or missing, strangulation in most cases. And something Allo Police could not have known in the Fall of 1977; there would be / could be more cases, most notably Theresa Allore and Manon Dube. One further disclosure. The Camirand / Dube / Allore connection? That too was not an original idea. Allo Police suggested it by referencing each of the cases in their articles, each time a new body was discovered.

Can we go further?

Having gone this far, why stop there if there are other cold cases that fit the victimology? As I have said, the Quebec police don’t have any new ideas, so let’s consider the following:

Claudette Poirier

15 year old Claudette Poirier disappeared from Drummondville July 27, 1977. Later her bicycle was recovered from the side of a rural road in the area. Nearly 10 years later her bones were recovered in a local camp ground. We don’t know how she died.

Chantal Tremblay

17 year old Chantal Tremblay disappeared from Rosemere on July 29, 1977. Her body was recovered 8 months later in Terrebonne. She was murdered, but we don’t know how she died. Her autopsy report should be examined to see if the coroner determined she was strangled.













A murder victim between the ages of 18 and 25 was discovered along chemin de lac in Longeueil on April 2nd, 1977. And given the time and place of this discovery, this then leads back to the consideration of the murder of…

Sharron Prior

Crime scene of Sharron Prior

Crime scene of Sharron Prior

Of all these cases, Sharon Prior’s is the most widely known. Given the geography, timing and victimology her case should be considered in these matters. It’s been nearly 40 years, and the Longeueil Police have advanced nothing.

Consider this:

The unidentified victim from 1977 and Sharron Prior were both discovered along Chemin de Lac in Longeueil. Prior went missing from Montreal, and – like Bazinet, Tremblay and Houle – her body was found off the island in the “suburbs”. Prior was found in a wooded area. Her clothing was scattered around the crime scene. There are obstacles with making a connection; Prior is a 1975 case (does that go back too far?). She was savagely beaten; her chest was collapsed, a tooth was driven through her lip. Was she strangled? We don’t know.

But maybe Sharron Prior fought harder. Maybe she resisted her assault more than the others. If you look at the crime scene photos of Camirand, Monast and Prior, it is the same victimology; you think you are looking at the same crime scene.

Is there anything else?

Certainly. The question is, how far forward and backward are you willing to go? What else should be considered? Here are my  best / worst ideas:

 Alice Pare

14 year old Pare disappears from her school in Drummondville in February, 1971. Her body is found in April 1971 in a wooded area near Victoriaville. She had been strangled.

Tammy Leakey

The 12 year old goes missing from Point Saint Charles in Montreal blocks from where Sharron Prior disappeared in March 1981. Her body is discovered soon after in Dorval; raped, stabbed once, and strangled, possibly with a cord or lace. There was always criticism that Manon Dube didn’t fit the profile because she was too young (10 years old). I think the rape and murder of Leakey puts to rest any doubts about who a predator may prey upon.

The following cases are disappearances. They just vanished. We don’t know if they were runaways, or what happened to them:

Johanne Danserault: 16, disappeared from Fabreville, June 1977

Sylvie Doucet: 13, disappeared East Montreal, June 1977

Elizabeth Bodzy: 14, disappeared Laval, July 1977

The police need to look into these cases to determine if they ran away from home, if they were murdered or if they simply “vanished”.

Here is a GIF animation showing locations of disappearances, followed by where bodies were discovered. Worth a thousand words. In the 1970s, someone was moving bodies out of Sherbrooke, and off the island of Montreal:

gifmaker slow







To see more maps click on this link.

With the exception of Helene Monast, none of these cases are included in the Surete du Quebec’s  cold case file for special examination. Quebec law enforcement (SQ, SPVM,Longeueil, RCMP, Laval) all need to work together to consider the evidence in these cases. These cases need to be re-examined as a group of potentially linked sex murders. At the very least, physical evidence from the cases (if any of it still exists) should be re-examined using modern DNA testing, and all the evidence should be cross-referenced to look for potential patterns and links.

(All photos are the  property/used courtesy of Allo Police/Section Rouge Média Inc.)


Repost: Québec 1977: Qui était “The Bootlace Killer”?

Il y avait un tueur en série exploitation non seulement dans les Cantons de l’Est dans les années 1970, mais aussi dans la région de Montréal. Appeler The Bootlace Killer. Louise Camirand, Helen Monast, Denise Bazinet et Theresa Allore étaient tous très probablement étranglé par une ligature mince. Camirand avec son lacet, Monast et Bazinet probablement avec leurs lacets de chaussures, et ma soeur, Theresa Allore avec son écharpe (elle portait des pantoufles chinoises sans lacets quand elle a disparu). Parce que certains de ces cas se prolonger dans la région de Montréal, ils remettent en cause de nombreuses autres enquêtes sur des meurtres de cette époque qui demeurent non résolus, notamment le meurtre non élucidé de Sharron Prior.

Permettez-moi de commencer en disant que je n’aime pas les théories unificatrices, en particulier celles impliquant des tueurs en série. Mais compte tenu de l’explosion des informations échangées grâce à l’Internet dans les derniers 10 ans, la communication entre les familles des victimes dans ces cas et la grande quantité de cyber-détectives, et le fait que, dans ces 10 années, le Québec application de la loi n’a pas résolu aucun de ces cas, l’affaire exige maintenant une certaine innovation, l’imagination et – avant tout – une simple curiosité.  Il est temps pour une nouvelle approche.

L’enquête initiale

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clairement très lisibles autour du cou.

Louise Camirand: Bootlace clairement très lisibles autour du cou.

Quand la théorie d’un prédateur en série errant dans les Cantons de l’Est a été mis en avant il ya dix ans, nous ne faisions que bavarder sur 3 cas; Theresa Allore, Manon Dubé et Louise Camirand (pour un rapide rappel sur ces cas, consultez le site Wikipedia ici) . Ce qui a rendu cette théorie était si convaincante le timing et l’immédiateté géographique de tous les crimes. Comme géographique Profiler, Kim Rossmo résumé:

“Trois meurtres de jeunes femmes à faible risque dans une période de 19 mois, dans un tel pôle géographique serré, est hautement suspecte, et ne sera probablement pas le fruit du hasard.”

Cependant, il ya des différences dans certaines circonstances. Dube était un enfant trouvé entièrement vêtu et que la cause exacte de sa mort n’a jamais été déterminée.  Allore a probablement été étranglé, vraisemblablement par son écharpe. Louise Camirand était le cas le moins insaisissable, elle a clairement été étranglée par son lacet de chaussure, et ses bottes n’ont jamais été retrouvés.

Denise Bazinet

Le cas de Denise Bazinet, à ma connaissance, a été oublié.Chalut sur ​​Internet et vous trouverez une référence à cela: Le journaliste québécois, Jacques Guay couvert apparemment le cas en 1977. L’affaire a été assis dans les archives d’ Allo Police depuis 35 ans où j’ai récemment découvert.

Denise Bizanet: marques de strangulation clairement visibles.

Denise Bizanet: marques de strangulation clairement visibles.

Comme beaucoup de victimes, 23 ans, Denise Bazinet était une femme à faible risque.  Elle a travaillé comme caissière à Saint-Hubert barbecue.  Dans la nuit de sa disparition, elle a été vu la dernière fois dans un restaurant local.  Elle a disparu de Montréal à l’automne 1977. Son corps demi-nu a été retrouvé le 24 Octobre 1977, à côté de l’autoroute 35 près de la sortie Saint-Luc Chambly, à l’est de La Prairie.  Bazinet avait été agressée sexuellement et étranglée.  Elle portait ses bijoux, une montre, boucles d’oreilles, une bague à son doigt.  Certains de ses vêtements a été retrouvé jonché long de l’accotement de la route, mais certains éléments ont été portés disparus. Elle portait sa chaussure droite – chaussures de sport avec des lacets épais – mais sa chaussure gauche était éteint et jeté sur la route.  La scène du crime photo de Bazinet montre clairement la ligne mince le long de son cou où la marque de strangulation a été faite, sans doute par quelque chose de léger comme son lacet de chaussure.  La scène du crime est un peu moins de 10 miles de Chambly, au Québec, où seulement 6 semaines plus tôt Hélène Monast a été retrouvée étranglée.

Hélène Monast

Scène de crime d'Hélène Monast

Scène de crime d’Hélène Monast

11 septembre 1977. Encore une fois, une femme à faible risque.  Elle était sortie avec des amis le soir de sa disparition, vu la dernière fois dans un restaurant local, Chez Marius. Elle a été trouvée dans la rue dans un parc public le long du canal de Chambly. Vêtements a été écartée le long du côté du corps … des objets personnels, un paquet de cigarettes Export A, une boîte de Chiclets. Certains articles de vêtements manquaient, notamment ses chaussures. Les enquêteurs ont demandé à sa famille au moment de la découverte si Helene portait des chaussures à lacets. Lorsque la sœur d’Hélène a vu le corps a remarqué une ligne mince le long de son cou de stragulation.

Louise Camirand, Denise Bazinet, Hélène Monast, et Theresa Allore. Femmes à faible risque. Toutes trouvé dans les milieux boisés ou rural. Articles d’habillement manquant.Dans le cas de Camirand, Monast et chaussures Allore sont absents. Articles d’habillement éparpillés à côté des corps.  Bijoux à gauche sur la plupart des victimes. Tous étranglé, vraisemblablement par ligatures minces comme un lacet de chaussure ou un foulard.


Scène de crime de Denise Bizanet

Scène de crime de Denise Bizanet

L’ajout d’Bazinet et Monast les 3 cas originaux de Camirand, Dube et Allore étend le rayon géographique au-delà des Cantons de l’Est du Québec dans la région de Montréal.  Je crois que c’est un exercice digne d’envisager d’autres homicides non résolus de la même époque dans la même région avec victimologies similaires. Il a été près de 40 ans et de police du Québec n’ont pas été en mesure de faire progresser la résolution de tous ces cas, il est temps pour certains un regard neuf.

Jocelyne Houle

24 ans Jocelyne Houle a disparu de l’ancien bar Munich au centre-ville de Montréal (au coin de Saint-Denis et Dorchester / René-Lévesque) en Avril 1977 un mois après la disparition de Louis Camirand à Sherbrooke. Son corps a été retrouvé sur le côté d’une route rurale à Saint-Calixte, au nord de Laval. Elle a été agressée sexuellement et battue. Articles d’habillement ont été dispersés. Ses chaussures ont été retirés. On ne sait pas comment elle est morte, mais son rapport d’autopsie devrait être examinée pour voir si le coroner a déterminé qu’elle a été étranglée.

Johanne Dorion

17 ans, Johanne Dorion a été vu la dernière fois par un chauffeur de bus le long de la 9e avenue à Fabreville, Laval, le 30 Juillet 1977, six semaines avant l’assassiner Monast.  Elle a été retrouvée peu après cinq pâtés de maisons dans une zone boisée le long des berges de la rivière des Mille Îles.  Le corps a été gravement décomposé, mais elle avait été poignardée.  Notez que les deux Houle et Dorion étaient étudiants en soins infirmiers, et Camirand ont travaillé à un cabinet dentaire.

Katherine Hawkes

34 ans Hawkes a été retrouvé dans une zone boisée à côté de la gare de Val Royal CN le 20 Septembre 1977, 9 jours après l’assassiner Monast, et un mois avant l’assassiner de Bazinet.  Elle a été agressée sexuellement, battu et poignardé. Ses vêtements étaient empilés environ 12 pieds de l’organisme. Les effets personnels avaient disparu, y compris son sac à main.

———————————— ————

Huit cas qui pourraient être liées. Maintenant Arrêtons-nous un instant.  Peu de ce que j’ai proposé est jusqu’ici originale. Je soulevai. Dans un 6ème Novembre, 1977 Article sur le Bazinet assassiner Denise, Allô Police impliquait que six de ces cas pourraient être liés: Bazinet, Camirand, Houle, Dorion, Monast et Hawkes. Mais ce Allô Police a laissé entendre, c’est que compte tenu du timing – 6 meurtres en 8 mois – le rythme accéléré pourrait suggérer un lien.Je veux dire ceci, mais un autre élément. Heure et lieu sont certes importants, mais la victimologie est similaire: les femmes à faible risque, des sites boisés en milieu rural, des vêtements éparpillés ou manquant, étranglement dans la plupart des cas.  Et quelque chose Allô police ne pouvait pas savoir à l’automne de 1977, il serait / pourrait être d’autres cas, notamment Theresa Allore et Manon Dube.  Un autre divulgation.  La connexion Camirand / Dube / Allore?C’était trop pas une idée originale. Allô police a suggéré qu’il en référençant chacun des cas dans leurs articles, à chaque fois qu’un nouveau corps a été découvert.

Peut-on aller plus loin?

Ayant allé aussi loin, pourquoi s’arrêter là si il ya d’autres cas froids qui correspondent à la victimologie? Comme je l’ai dit, les policiers du Québec n’ont pas de nouvelles idées, nous allons donc considérer ce qui suit:

Claudette Poirier

15 ans, Claudette Poirier a disparu de Drummondville Juillet 27, 1977.  Plus tard, sa bicyclette a été récupéré par le côté d’une route rurale dans la région. Près de 10 ans plus tard ses os ont été retrouvés dans un terrain de camping local.  Nous ne savons pas comment elle est morte.

Chantal Tremblay

17 ans, Chantal Tremblay a disparu de Rosemère le 29 Juillet 1977. Son corps a été retrouvé 8 mois plus tard à Terrebonne. Elle a été assassinée, mais nous ne savons pas comment elle est morte. Son rapport d’autopsie devrait être examinée pour voir si le coroner a déterminé qu’elle a été étranglée.



Une victime assassiner entre les âges de 18 et 25 a été découvert le long chemin de lac dans Longeueil le 2 Avril, 1977. Et compte tenu de l’heure et du lieu de cette découverte, ce qui conduit alors revenir à l’examen de l’assassiner de …

 Sharron Prior

Scène de crime de Sharron Prior

Scène de crime de Sharron Prior

De tous ces cas, Sharon est préalable et le plus connu.  Compte tenu de la géographie, le calendrier et la victimologie son cas doit être examiné en ces matières.  Cela fait près de 40 ans, et la police Longeueil n’ont rien avancé.

Considérez ceci:

 La victime non identifiée à partir de 1977 et Sharron Prior ont tous deux été découvert le long du chemin du Lac à Longeueil Avant a disparu de Montréal, et – comme Bazinet, Tremblay et Houle – son corps a été retrouvé au large de l’île dans les «banlieues». Prior a été retrouvé dans une zone boisée. Ses vêtements étaient éparpillés autour de la scène de crime. Il ya des obstacles à établir une connexion; Prior est un cas 1975 (fait qui remontent trop loin?). Elle a été sauvagement battu, sa poitrine était effondré, une dent a été tirée à travers la lèvre.  At-elle été étranglée? Nous ne savons pas.

Mais peut-être Sharron Prior a lutté dur. Peut-être qu’elle résistait son agression plus que les autres. Si vous regardez les photos de la scène du crime de Camirand, Monast et Prior, c’est la même victimologie, vous pensez que vous cherchez à la même scène de crime.

Y at-il autre chose?

Certainement. La question est de savoir dans quelle mesure avant et arrière êtes-vous prêt à aller?  Que doit-on envisager?  Voici mes meilleurs / pires idées:

Alice Pare

14 ans Pare disparaît de son école à Drummondville en Février 1971.  Son corps est retrouvé en Avril 1971 à une zone boisée près de Victoriaville. Elle avait été étranglée.

Tammy Leakey

Le jeune de 12 ans est porté disparu depuis la Pointe Saint Charles à Montréal blocs d’où Sharron Prior a disparu en Mars 1981.  Son corps est découvert peu de temps après à Dorval, violée, poignardée une fois, et étranglée, éventuellement avec un cordon. Il y avait toujours des critiques que Manon Dube ne correspondait pas au profil parce qu’elle était trop jeune (10 ans). Je pense que le viol et assassiner des Leakey met fin à tous les doutes au sujet de qui un prédateur peut proie à.

Les cas suivants sont disparitions.  Ils ont juste disparu. Nous ne savons pas si elles étaient des fugueurs, ou ce qui leur est arrivé:

Johanne Danserault: 16, disparu de Fabreville, Juin 1977

Sylvie Doucet: 13, disparu de Montréal-Est, Juin 1977

Elizabeth Bodzy: 14, disparu Laval, Juillet 1977

La police a besoin de se pencher sur ces cas pour déterminer s’ils se sont enfuis de chez eux, s’ils ont été assassinés ou si ils ont simplement «disparu».

Voici une animation GIF montrant l’emplacement de disparition, suivie d’où les corps ont été découverts image vaut mille mots Dans les années 1970, quelqu’un a corps en mouvement de Sherbrooke et de l’île de Montréal..:

gifmaker slow






Pour voir plus de cartes de cliquer sur ce lien.

À l’exception d’Hélène Monast, aucun de ces cas sont inclus dans le fichier de Cold Case de la Sûreté du Québec pour examen spécial. application de la loi du Québec (SQ, du SPVM, Longeueil, la GRC, Laval) tous besoin de travailler ensemble pour examiner la preuve dans ces cas.  Ces cas doivent être réexaminés en tant que groupe de meurtres sexuels potentiellement liés.  A l’, la preuve tout le moins physique des cas (si tout cela existe encore) devrait être réexaminé en utilisant des tests d’ADN moderne, et tous les éléments de preuve devrait être un renvoi à rechercher des modèles potentiels et des liens.

(Toutes les photos sont la propriété d’occasion / courtoisie de Allo Police / Section Rouge Média Inc.)


Ontario revamps efforts to name unidentified dead

What a mess: To summarize; to speed up the process of identification, the Federal government consolidated missing persons databases into a centralized system. But the new centralized system is too slow and bureaucratic, so provinces like Ontario want to go back to their former, individualized process:

From the Globe & Mail:

When the federal government created a national missing-persons centre in 2011, the presumption was it would supplant siloed provincial and territorial online efforts and serve as a better tool for matching the vanished with the anonymous dead.

But the RCMP-led National Centre for Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains (NCMPUR) hasn’t progressed fast enough for Ontario, the province with the most anonymous dead. A Globe and Mail investigation has found that Canada’s strategy falls far short of the U.S. model, considered the gold standard.

The Ontario chief coroner’s office and forensic pathology service are now working with the provincial police to revamp their digital outreach to help identify the nameless and bring some closure to families of the disappeared. In some cases, identifications could breathe new life into stalled police investigations and help bring killers to justice.

“We have a responsibility to the people of Ontario and we can’t abdicate our responsibility to a federal agency,” said forensic anthropologist Kathy Gruspier, who is leading a review of Ontario’s 239 unidentified-remains cases.

The Conservative government had heralded the national centre’s creation, noting it would serve as an important investigative tool for police and death investigators, and could also help address the “disturbing number” of unsolved cases of murdered and missing aboriginal women.

But The Globe has found that Canada’s national strategy, compared with that of the United States, is less citizen-driven and doesn’t store records such as dental charts and X-rays, which could assist in identifying human remains. NCMPUR also does not know whether its database analysis is leading to confirmed identifications.

Federal plans for a much-anticipated DNA data bank to link missing persons with unidentified remains, expected in 2017, are also falling short of the U.S. model. The RCMP have told The Globe that Ottawa will not pay for DNA testing, as Washington does. It will also be up to Canadian police, coroners and medical examiners to decide which types of DNA to profile. In the U.S., a centralized lab always attempts to analyze two types.

Some aboriginal leaders are now calling on Ottawa to strengthen its plans for the data bank, saying families of vanished women deserve answers. Indigenous women are far more likely to go missing or be killed than non-aboriginal women. In May, the RCMP released an unprecedented report showing 1,181 aboriginal women disappeared or were slain between 1980 and 2012.

Jean-Christophe de Le Rue, a spokesman for Public Safety Minister Steven Blaney, said the government is committed to ensuring the data bank is effective. He said DNA analysis will be consistent with international practices.

There are 697 anonymous dead in Canada, according to a Globe survey of the country’s coroners and medical examiners. One-third of those remains are in Ontario.

The chief coroner’s office and the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) launched a program to link the missing and unidentified in 2006. While updates to the public website have languished since the national centre’s creation, reports on missing persons and unidentified remains continue to be added to the database. Software is used to search for possible matches between missing persons reported to the OPP and Ontario’s unidentified remains.

The provincial effort, called Project Resolve, has led to the identification of 21 dead people since 2006, the OPP said. Meanwhile, the national centre, which launched a website in 2013 and a database for cross-matching last year, has not yet helped solve a single Ontario unidentified-remains case. The BC Coroners Service, which has 183 anonymous dead, said it doesn’t know whether tips from the national centre have helped identify any of its deceased.

NCMPUR has received 130 tips since its website started; other tips may have been reported to Crime Stoppers or the investigating agency noted on the site. The national centre’s database has flagged a dozen potential matches, but it’s unknown how many have led to identifications.

Ontario’s retooled effort is expected this year. The provincial website will include more information about individual cases than exists on the RCMP site.

Ontario’s chief coroner, Dirk Huyer, said he wants the NCMPUR initiative to work. Developing a robust national system is the best way to link cases that cross provincial and territorial boundaries and international borders, he noted.

“Anything we can do at the bigger, broader level [is for] the best,” the chief coroner said, stressing that his office is still co-operating with the national centre.

OPP Detective Superintendent Dave Truax said Project Resolve underscored the need for a national effort. By working with BC Coroners Service – an initiative that also began in 2006 – Ontario was able to put names to some of its deceased.

“It’s extremely important that Canada capitalizes on the opportunity to network all or our provinces and territories together,” Det. Supt. Truax said.


FBI probes hanging death of black teen in North Carolina #LennonLacy

Teenager’s mysterious death evokes painful imagery in North Carolina: ‘It’s in the DNA of America’

The swing set where Lennon Lacy was found hanging  in the rural town of Bladenboro, North Carolina

The swing set where Lennon Lacy was found hanging in the rural town of Bladenboro, North Carolina

From The Guardian:

Friday 29 August was a big day for Lennon Lacy. His high school football team, the West Bladen Knights, were taking on the West Columbus Vikings and Lacy, 17, was determined to make his mark. He’d been training all summer for the start of the season, running up and down the bleachers at the school stadium wearing a 65lb exercise jacket. Whenever his mother could afford it, he borrowed $7 and spent the day working out at the Bladenboro gym, building himself up to more than 200lbs. As for the future, he had it all planned out: this year he’d become a starting linebacker on the varsity team, next year he’d earn a scholarship to play football in college, and four years after that he’d achieve the dream he’d harboured since he was a child – to make it in the NFL.

“He was real excited,” said his Knights team-mate Anthony White, also 17, recalling the days leading up to the game. “He said he was looking forward to doing good in the game.”

The night before the game, Lacy did what he always did: he washed and laid out his football clothes in a neat row. He was a meticulous, friendly kid who made a point of always greeting people and asking them how they were doing. Everybody in his neighbourhood appears to have a story about how he would make a beeline to shake their hand, or offer to help them out by moving furniture or anything else that needed doing. “He was in the best sense a good kid,” said his pastor, Barry Galyean.

His brother, Pierre Lacy, said that football was the constant that ran through Lennon’s life since he started out as a Pee Wee: “He was very serious about being a professional, very passionate about it. He never changed his mind or wavered from the course.”

Lennon Lacy

Lennon Lacy

But Lacy never made it to the game that night. At 7.30am on Friday – exactly 12 hours before the game was scheduled to start – he was found hanging from a swing set about a quarter of a mile from his home. The Knights had lost one of the most promising players; his tight-knit family was thrown into despair; and a question echoed around the streets of the tiny town of Bladenboro, North Carolina: what had happened to Lennon Lacy?

The last person known to have seen Lacy alive was his father, Larry Walton. Around midnight on the night before the game, he came out of his bedroom to fetch a glass of water and saw his son preparing his school bag for the following morning. “I told him he needed to get to bed, the game was next day, and he said ‘OK, Daddy’.” A little later Walton heard the front door open and close; Walton assumed Lacy must have stepped out of the house, but thought no more of it and went to sleep.

Next morning there was no sign of Lacy, and Walton and Lacy’s mother, Claudia, thought he’d gone off to school. Later that morning, Claudia noticed he’d left some of his football gear on the line, so she called the school to say she’d bring it to him before the game. She was surprised to be told that her son hadn’t turned up at school. Just as she put the phone down, there was a knock on the door, and the Bladenboro police chief, Chris Hunt, was standing in front of her.

“I need you to come with me,” he said.

Claudia was led to a trailer park a short walk from her home, where an ambulance was parked on the grass next to a wooden swing set. Even before she had got to the ambulance she saw police officers clearing away the crime scene tape that had been placed around the swing.

Then she saw Lennon’s body lying in the ambulance in a black body bag, and on top of the immense shock and grief of seeing her son lifeless in front of her, the bewilderment intensified. “I know my son. The second I saw him I knew he couldn’t have done that to himself – it would have taken at least two men to do that to him.”

She noticed what she describes as scratches and abrasions on his face, and there was a knot on his forehead that hadn’t been there the day before. In a photograph taken of Lacy’s body lying in the casket, a lump is visible on his forehead above his right eye. “From that point on it was just not real, like walking through a dream,” she said.

Five days after Lennon Lacy was found hanging, the investigating team – consisting of local police and detectives from the state bureau of investigation – told the family that it had found no evidence of foul play. There was no mention of suicide, but the implication was clear. In later comments to a local paper, police chief Hunt said: “There are a lot of rumours out there. And 99.9% of them are false.”

The Lacys were left with the impression that, for the district attorney, Jon David, and his investigating team, the question of what had happened to Lennon Lacy was all but settled just five days after the event. But it wasn’t settled for them.

As the Rev William Barber, head of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in North Carolina, put it at a recent memorial service for Lennon Lacy held at the family’s church, the First Baptist in Bladenboro: “Don’t ask these parents to bury their 17-year-old son and then act as though everything is normal. Don’t chastise them for asking the right questions. All they want is the truth.”

From that point on it was just not real, like walking through a dream
Barber was careful to stress that that truth was elusive – no one knows what happened to Lennon Lacy, he said, beyond the bald facts of his death. If a full and thorough investigation concluded that the teenager had indeed taken his own life, then the Lacy family would accept that.

But Barber also talked about the chilling thought that lingered, otherwise unmentioned, over the scores of black and white people attending the packed memorial. “The image of a black boy hanging from a rope is in the souls of all of us,” he told them. “It is in the DNA of America. In 2014, our greatest prayer is that this was not a lynching.”

Pierre Lacy with his mother, Claudia Lacy who holds a picture of her late son Lennon Lacy in his younger days. Photograph: Andrew Craft/The Guardian
In Bladenboro, a town of just 1,700 people – 80% white, 18% black – the bitter legacy of the South’s racial history is never far from the surface. The African Americans have a nickname for the place: they call it “Crackertown” in reference to its longstanding domination by the white population.

The events of 29 August have become entangled in that historical narrative, inevitably perhaps in a state in which 86 black people were lynched between 1882 and 1968.

While America debates whether it is moving into a post-racial age, the truth in Bladenboro is that the past is very much here and now, and that the terrible image of “strange fruit” will hover over this town for as long as the truth about Lennon Lacy’s death remains uncertain.

Which is paradoxical, because Lacy had joined a multiracial youth group across town at the Galeed Baptist church where he went for weekly services and basketball ministry, and his friends were black and white, in almost equal measure.

For several months before he died, he was also in a relationship with a white woman, Michelle Brimhall, who lives directly opposite the Lacy family home. The liaison with Brimhall raised eyebrows because, at 31, she was almost twice his age. (The age of consent in North Carolina is 16.)

“Everybody was going on to me because he was 17 and I am 31,” Brimhall told the Guardian. “We told people we weren’t seeing each other so they would stop giving us trouble.”

The Lacy family said that Brimhall had split up with Lacy a couple of weeks before he died and that she had a new boyfriend. But she denied that. “We were still together, I did not break up with him,” she said. “I had never had a man treated me as good as he did, and I probably will never find another.”

Brimhall said she did not notice any hostility towards them as a mixed-race couple. But she is convinced that Lennon did not take his own life. “No, Lennon did not kill himself. He loved his mother so much, he would never put her through that.”

She added: “I want to know who did it. I want them to suffer.”

Lennon Lacy’s first football team, in Virginia. Lennon is No52 on the far left.
Brimhall’s close friend, Teresa Edwards, lives a few doors down from the Lacys. Edwards said that she was desperate to find out the truth, particularly as Lacy was such a good person. “For him to be black – I’m not stereotyping or anything, I’m not racist, I love everybody – but he was a very well-mannered child.”

A white couple, Carla Hudson and Dewey Sykes, live in a trailer home right behind the Lacy house. Soon after Lennon died his family learned that a few years ago Sykes and Hudson had been instructed by police to remove from their front lawn a number of Confederate flags and signs saying “Niggers keep out”.

The Guardian asked the couple why they had put up the signs. Sykes said that it was his idea. “There were some kids who ganged up on our kid and I put some signs up.” Asked whether he now regretted doing so, he replied: “Yeah, I regret it now.”

Carla Hudson said she had begged her husband to take the signs down. “I told him he had to stop that. It wasn’t how I saw things – there’s not a racist bone in my body.”

There is no evidence to suggest that either Hudson or Sykes had anything to do with Lacy’s death. Asked about the teenager, Hudson said: “Lennon was like a son to me, and this was his second home. He was nothing like the people we have trouble with. In my eyes he was just perfect.”

About a week after Lacy died, his family, with the help of the NAACP and their own lawyer, put together a list of questions and concerns that they presented to the district attorney. First, there was the overriding sense that Lennon was simply not the kind of boy to harm himself. He had no history of mental illness or depression, and was so focused on his future it was inconceivable he would intentionally cut it short.

The image of a black boy hanging from a rope is in the souls of all of us
The day before Lacy was found hanging, there had been a funeral service for his great uncle Johnny, who had died a couple of weeks previously. Lacy had been close to his uncle, and was visibly upset, but not to an extreme degree, his family said. He grieved “as a normal person would”, Claudia said.

Then there were those facial marks on his body. Even the undertaker, FW Newton Jr, who has worked as a mortician for 26 years, was taken aback by what he saw.

Newton told the Guardian that when he received Lacy’s body two days after he died, he was struck by the abrasions he saw across both shoulders and down the insides of both arms. He also noted facial indentations over both cheeks, the chin and nose. Though police have told the Lacy family that ants were responsible for causing the marks, to Newton the state of the body reminded him of corpses he had embalmed where the deceased had been killed in a bar-room fight.

The Guardian asked the local Bladenboro police department, the district attorney and the state bureau of investigation to respond to the allegation that they had conducted an inadequate investigation. They all declined to comment on the grounds that the investigation was ongoing.

In a statement posted on the Bladenboro town website, the district attorney, Jon David, said that the “victims [sic] family, and the community, can rest assured that a comprehensive investigation is well underway. All death investigations, particularly those involving children, are given top priority by my office. Investigations are a search for the truth, and I am confident that we have a dedicated team of professionals, and the right process, to achieve justice in this matter.”

David said that his team was keeping the Lacy family and its representatives closely apprised of the investigation, and had met community leaders to explain to them the current state of affairs. But he added that “to date we have not received any evidence of criminal wrongdoing surrounding the death”.

The family have many other questions that they still want answered. Who desecrated Lennon Lacy’s grave a few days after the burial, dumping the flowers 40 feet away beside the road and digging a hole in one corner of the plot? Why didn’t forensic investigators take swabs from under Lacy’s fingernails and DNA test them to see if he had been in physical contact with anybody else before he died? Have the police probed deeply enough into Lacy’s wider group of friends and acquaintances; the family were disturbed to find, for instance, that one white associate of Lennon’s had a Confederate flag as the backdrop to his Facebook page.

Lennon Lacy’s grave was desecrated and a small hole dug in the plot.
They also want to know why it is it taking so long for the autopsy report to come through, with still no date set for its public release five weeks after the event. So far only the toxicology report has come back, showing that Lacy had no drugs, alcohol or other chemicals in his bloodstream.

The location where Lacy was found, the mobile home park at the Cotton Mill, has also caused the family great difficulty. The swing set from which he was hanging is one of eight such sets standing in a line in the middle of a rectangle of 13 mobile homes. The spot is desolate and vulnerable, overlooked as it is by so many trailer homes, like a sports field surrounded by grandstands.

“If my brother wanted to take his own life, I can’t understand why he would do it in such an exposed place. This feels more like he was put here as a public display – a taunting almost,” Pierre Lacy said.

This feels more like he was put here as a public display – a taunting almost
Lacy was found wearing a pair of size 10.5 white sneakers, with the laces removed, which no one in his family recognised. A few days before he died, he had bought himself a new pair of Jordans for the start of school year. They were grey with neon green soles, size 12, and have been missing ever since.

The family also wonders why the former husband of Michelle Bramhill and the father of her children, whom she left in February before relocating to Bladenboro, has yet to be interviewed by detectives. There is no evidence to implicate him in the circumstances surrounding Lacy’s death, but the family would still like to know why detectives have yet to speak to him.

Allen Rogers, a Fayetteville lawyer with 20 years’ experience in criminal cases who is representing the Lacy family, said there were too many questions still unanswered. “I don’t believe that a thorough investigation has been done, and within that investigation, the evidence the police has compiled is not sufficient to rule out foul play. The concern is that there’s been a rush to judgment – a desire quickly to settle any issue over the cause of death,” he said.

Rogers conceded that it was hard for any family to accept a suicide in its midst, and that it would be natural in those circumstances to search for alternative explanations, to clutch at straws. But he said that in this case the clutching at straws appeared to have been on the part of “elected officials who can’t deal with the realities of race. Given the sensitivity of the issues here, it’s much easier to put this in a box marked ‘suicide’ than ask the tough questions. I’m afraid that politics have held back the investigation.”

A few hours after Lacy’s body was discovered, the coach of the West Bladen Knights called the team together to break to them the tragic news. He asked them what they wanted to do. They voted unanimously to play on, dedicating the game to their lost brother, Lennon Lacy. They won, 57-22.


Repose toi en paix, Gros Bill


The last few years I’ve tried to keep these posts strictly about crime and justice. But – like most Quebecers – my life is so personally intertwined with the Montreal Canadiens.  So I’d like to write a little about the passing of Jean Béliveau, my childhood hero, who died last night at the age of 83.

How did I become a Montreal Canadiens fan? I had no choice in the matter. The story goes like this:


The blizzard of ’71. The first time they cancelled a Habs game. Our house on the left.

My family is from Trenton, Ontario. My father grew up playing river hockey along The Trent.  Trenton is sort of midway between Toronto and Montreal, and my relatives used to divide the Saturdays fairly evenly between when they’d travel to The Gardens to watch the Leafs, and when they’d drive to The Forum to watch the Habs. One time my grandfather and uncle were at a Leafs game. Between periods they would do what most men did; they’d go to the washroom and enjoy a snort from a hip-flask of rye. The police usually turned a blind eye to this activity, they would maybe run you out of the john with a good scolding. But on this occasion the Toronto police arrested my grandfather and uncle and locked them up. From then on, we were Canadiens fans.

Shinny on the pond: My brother and I face-off

Shinny on the pond: My brother and I face-off

My father was the first one in his family to attend college; Loyola, and then later McGill for engineering. What he really did in Montreal was play hockey. Two seasons with the Warriors  followed by two with the Redmen. My father was a goalie, and apparently a great one at that. He was team MVP for all four years; the only time that has been done there, let alone by a goalie.  They’d often play their games at the Forum when the Habs were on the road. This was in the age before masks. One night my mother (they were dating then) watched in horror as my dad took a puck to the face, knocking his eye out of his socket. They stitched him up on the ice.

His biggest thrill was having The Rocket guest referee one of his games. And I know my Dad was at the Forum the night of the Richard Riot.

The college teams  would practice in the early mornings at the Forum, after they’d finish, the Habs would come on to practice. Dad would skip class to watch The Rocket,  Boom-Boom, Béliveau, etc…   Eventually he started failing electrical engineering. The Jesuit priest came to the Forum and said, “make a choice; hockey or school”.

My father was invited to camp for both the Rangers and the Bruins. He never attended. This was still at the time with 6 teams, so 12 chances for a goalie to play in the NHL, and no pension. He became an engineer, and a father.

You could buy a poster of this at the Forum giftshop. It hung on my wall as a kid

You could buy a poster of this at the Forum giftshop. It hung on my wall as a kid


We did not know it at the time, but we grew up in a golden age in Montreal. Our  childhood was wedged between the Expo World’s Fair in 1967 and the Olympics in 1976. Everyone who experienced this will say the exact same thing: it was an absolute wonder to be living in Montreal at that time.  I think my father received tickets from the company he worked for, Dominion Bridge. He would take either my brother or sister, I remember because they would come home with the game programs, usually signed by Béliveau.

When I was old enough, I got to go too. I don’t recall sitting in the box seats. When I started going we’d usually sit in the corporate box. People usually scoff at the boxes today, but back then it was a big deal. You were very close at the Forum, and there was all this food, the instant replay on the television…  in an age before tablets and jumbo-screens this was heaven.

Many times I remember waiting in the lobby at the front of the Forum after a game with my father. Béliveau was one of the first to emerge from the dressing rooms, and he would always sign autographs. He was always so relaxed and gracious. He was like a movie star, Cary Grant and Father Christmas all rolled into one.


Some Christmas’ were spent back in Trenton. I remember evenings at my grandparents’ farmhouse, all the adults gathered ’round the kitchen table playing cribbage, a mushroom cloud of cigarette smoke above, lot’s of talk of politics and hockey. There was always some cousin who received a Leafs jersey for Christmas, and you felt so sorry for them, like that kid in The Sweater. Most of my relatives who stayed in Ontario were Diefenbaker conservatives, and die-hard Leaf fans. And they had bragging rights then, Toronto stole a Cup in 1967.  They hated all things from Quebec. My grandfather had a mutt named Pierre, “because that was a name only fit for a dog”.  The nail in the coffin came years later when I started dating the granddaughter of Lester Pearson.

My dad would often come home from work with packets of hockey cards tucked in his overcoat. If you were sick that day he’d bring extras. Later I learned his secret; he kept a box in the garage and simply filled up there before he came in the basement door. I can still remember that excitement when you opened the pack and there was Béliveau: that was the card everyone wanted.


Puck my father nabbed in the stands, from the Béliveau era

Saturday nights at home were for Hockey Night in Canada. We used to set our hockey cards up on the floor in front of the television and mimic  the plays every Saturday night. When a line change came, we’d change the cards. Yet somehow guys like Béliveau and The Flower never left the ice.

Dad met Béliveau once. He was having dinner  in La Mise au Jeu restaurant with Dickie Moore, who had gone into the construction industry after his playing career ended. In walked Jean, and Dickie made a point of introducing him to everyone, They all shook hands. My dad’s reaction? Béliveau was a gentleman, of course.

There were some great tributes written about Jean Béliveau today. Dave Stubbs in The Gazette,  Ken Dryden in The Star,  Red Fisher, and Stephen Brunt at Sportsnet are standouts, and will give you a more comprehensive perspective on what he meant as a player. These are just some of my thoughts on the passing of my very first hero.

Repose toi en paix, Gros Bill.


Opinion: A ponderously slow justice system brings itself into disrepute

Well said William Watson:

One less commented-on aspect of the tragic twin murders of our soldiers in October was the swift — in fact, immediate — dispensation of justice in both cases. The murderers, and does anyone doubt that’s what they were, were killed by the authorities. Their killing was not the deliberate administration of justice, but self-defence by police engaged in hot pursuit. 

We’re a country that officially, at least, disapproves of the death penalty, even if three in five of us keep telling pollsters we want it brought back. Our elected officials certainly disapprove of it, for they don’t bring it back. Even so, there was an abrupt finality to these two tragedies that I suspect most people are grateful for. (Just to be clear: the tragedies include how two apparently ordinary Canadian boys could have got themselves so twisted up as to do such crimes). Had the murderers lived, how long would their trials have taken? Would they have been finished by 2016? 2017? And can we be completely sure the verdicts would have been just? 

Here in Quebec, we’re still awaiting the formal trial of the person accused of the murder of a technician backstage at the victory celebrations of Pauline Marois the night she won herself a minority government in September 2012. Marois has had her government, has lost another election and is now retired from politics. But the trial isn’t starting until next year. Granted, it’s a difficult case, with the accused running his own defence. But we’re closing in on two and a quarter years from a crime for which there is no other suspect. 

We’re also now eight weeks — eight weeks — into the trial of a young man who does not dispute that, in May 2012, two and a half years ago, he killed another young man, videoed and posted the murder online, chopped the victim up and mailed parts of his body to various destinations. What’s under discussion, in great detail, is the state of his mind when he did so. 

Last week, three McGill University students charged in April 2012 for a sexual assault that had allegedly occurred in September 2011 had their charges dismissed when in an email to the prosecutor one important witness contradicted the complainant’s version of events. The students were obviously and understandably relieved, but, as the lawyer for one of them said, “It’s a heavy burden to carry around charges of this nature.”

Mike Duffy’s trial doesn’t get underway until next April, about two and a half years after the story of his expenses first broke. Two and a half years seems the norm in these things. The trial is scheduled for 41 days. How long do you suppose Jian Ghomeshi’s trial will take?

Yes, it’s important to get things right. Yes, “the one innocent man condemned will do both judge and justice more harm than the 10 guilty who escape” (though do spare a moment’s worry about the harm 10 guilty folk set free may do the rest of us). And, yes, the accused sometimes bring delay upon themselves with frivolous motions of one kind or another. 

But a system that works so ponderously slowly brings itself into disrepute. Other countries do things differently. When I lived in France for a year, I remember the case of a fellow who was in a bar fight Saturday and was sentenced to jail time the following Thursday. 

It’s important to get things right. But does all the extra time our system takes really improve the quality of our results? On that, I suspect there’s room for reasonable doubt.


Theresa Allore: Memorial Fund Drive

The Theresa Allore Memorial Fund


It has been some time since we have solicited for contributions to the Theresa Allore Memorial Fund. To date, the fund’s balance  / equity stands at about $10,000. This allows us to provide annual scholarships of approximately $200. Since 2011 there have been 3 scholarships awarded to Champlain College students. Notifications are given to students each Spring.

It was always our intention to raise approximately $20,000 so that we would be able to offer a more substantial award of $500 per student. To this end, We would ask that you consider donating to the fund today, and throughout the month of December so that we may be able to achieve our goal of $20,000.

No amount is too little. You may donate online by clicking the following:


Donate Button with Credit Cards


By mail or phone, contributions can be made by contacting the fund administrator at Champlain College, Daniel Poitras. All gifts are eligible for the full tax advantages available by law for gifts to public charities in the United States and Canada.

Benefactors may contact:

Foundation Champlain-Lennoxville Inc.
Theresa Allore Memorial Fund
c/o Daniel Poitras, Treasurer
P.O. 5003 (Champlain Lennoxville Campus)
Sherbrooke, Québec, J1M 2A1
Tel: (819) 564-3666 ext. 130

The scholarship was established in conjunction with Champlain College in 2009 in memory of Theresa Allore.  Theresa was a promising student at the Champlain Lennoxville Campus in Quebec’s Eastern Townships. At the time of her death, she was studying the behavioral sciences, and had expressed an interest in the field of criminology. Theresa loved adventure, which lead to her interest in cycling, skydiving, and hiking.  She loved being outdoors, and particularly enjoyed hiking the local trails of Mount Orford.  Her special qualities included being a good friend, who did not judge others, but rather chose to draw encouragement and inspiration from everyone and everything she encountered.

Based on these qualities inspired by Theresa, the scholarship was established to take into consideration the student as a “total person”, including academic achievement, active participation in campus life, desire to serve others, and financial need.  

While we have struggled for many years with the tragic loss of a young life filled with a spirit of adventure, it has come the time to celebrate her life so that Theresa may inspire others.  There is no doubt in the hearts of those who had the privilege to share in her all too short life that this is exactly how Theresa would want to be remembered.


40 year old cold cases solved:

Pretty amazing story out of BC on the arrest of Garry Taylor Handlen in the 40 year old cold cases of Kathryn-Mary Herbert and Monica Jack. Police say advances in forensics lead them to Handlen, and are asking that his photo be published in the event that information comes forward implicating him in other crimes. Here is the story from the CBC:

Garry Taylor Handlen charged in 2 child slaying cold cases

Garry Taylor Handlen has been charged by RCMP in B.C. with two counts of first-degree murder in a pair of cases going back nearly 40 years.

The victims were Kathryn-Mary Herbert, 11, and Monica Jack, 12.

A present day image shows Garry Taylor Handlen, who has been charged with first-degree murder in the deaths of Monica Jack in 1978 and Kathryn-Mary Herbert in 1975. (CBC)

​Handlen remains in custody, RCMP announced Monday at a news conference with the girls’ families present.

Herbert disappeared in September 1975 close to her home in Abbotsford, B.C., while returning from a friend’s house. Two months later, her body was found hidden under a rotting outhouse on the nearby Matsqui First Nation.

Jack disappeared three years later in 1978 while riding her bike. Her body was not found until the mid-1990s north of Merritt.

RCMP today said Handlen was suspected in the killings shortly after they happened, but police didn’t have enough evidence to charge him until now.

Garry Taylor Handlen

Police want to speak with anyone who remembers seeing Garry Taylor Handlen around the time of the killings. This image of Handlen is from the 1970s. (RCMP)

Investigators wouldn’t specify what the new evidence is, but did say advances in forensic science are a factor.

Police also released a photograph of the suspect, taken around the time of the killings. They’re asking anyone who recognizes Handlen to call if they have any memories of him from that time.

Speaking at the news conference, Madeline Lanaro, Monica Jack’s mother, said she prayed for decades for her daughter’s killer to be found.

“Over the years, thinking about this on a daily basis … even today it’s not easy because, no matter what happens and no matter what you do in your life, that hurt never goes away.”

She remembers her daughter as a beautiful girl with a distinctive laugh, who was loved by relatives, friends and teachers.

Monica Jack

Monica Jack was out for a bike ride when the 12-year-old was abducted and killed.

A feature documentary on Herbert’s case aired on the CBC in 2009. It examined flaws in the investigation, including missing files, overlooked evidence and other problems.

At that time, Herbert’s mother, Shari Greer, talked about her frustration with the investigation and her determination to keep police working on her daughter’s case.

Today Greer thanked the cold case investigators who took a fresh look at the case and gathered the evidence that led to charges.

“There is no such thing as a cold case to the families, nor is there ever closure, only resolution surrounding the events.”


Statistique Canada: Le taux d’homicides a reculé de 8 %


Si vous ne souhaitez pas voir le rapport de Statistique Canada sur 
les homicides à travers le prisme des médias canadiens , ici, c'est 
le rapport directe de StatsCan:

Les services de police canadiens ont déclaré 505 homicides en 2013, soit 38 de moins que l’année précédente. Le taux d’homicides a reculé de 8 % par rapport à 2012 pour s’établir à 1,44 victime pour 100 000 habitants, ce qui représente le taux le plus faible depuis 1966.

La diminution globale des homicides était attribuable au Québec, qui a enregistré une baisse de 40 homicides. Le repli observé au Québec suivait deux années où le nombre d’homicides était supérieur à la moyenne. En 2013, 68 homicides sont survenus dans la province, ce qui correspond à un taux de 0,83 pour 100 000 habitants. Il s’agissait du plus bas taux enregistré au Québec depuis le début de la déclaration des données en 1961.

Alors que le Québec a connu une baisse marquée, six provinces ont fait état d’augmentations modérées du nombre d’homicides en 2013. Compte tenu de ces hausses, les taux d’homicides dans presque toutes les provinces et tous les territoires en 2013 sont demeurés en deçà de leurs moyennes décennales. Faisaient exception Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador et l’Île-du-Prince-Édouard, où les taux d’homicides de 2013 ont dépassé leur moyenne décennale précédente.

Les taux d’homicides sont demeurés généralement les plus élevés dans l’Ouest et le Nord. Le Manitoba a affiché le plus fort taux d’homicides provincial (3,87 pour 100 000 habitants), suivi de la Saskatchewan (2,71), de l’Alberta (2,04) et de la Colombie-Britannique (1,66). Alors que les taux d’homicides étaient plus élevés au Nunavut (11,24) et dans les Territoires du Nord-Ouest (4,59) que dans n’importe quelle province, il n’y a pas eu d’homicides au Yukon pour la troisième année consécutive.

Parmi les régions métropolitaines de recensement (RMR) du Canada, Regina a enregistré le taux d’homicides le plus élevé (3,84 pour 100 000 habitants); venaient ensuite Winnipeg (3,24) et Thunder Bay (2,46). Les taux d’homicides étaient inférieurs à la moyenne nationale dans les deux plus grandesRMR canadiennes, à savoir Toronto (1,34) et Montréal (1,08), alors que la troisième RMR en importance, soit Vancouver (1,72), a affiché un taux d’homicides supérieur à la moyenne nationale. Aucun homicide n’a été déclaré à Moncton, à Saguenay, à Sherbrooke, à Peterborough ou à Guelph en 2013.

Les homicides commis à l’aide d’une arme à feu sont en baisse, alors que les homicides perpétrés à l’aide d’une arme pointue augmentent

En 2013, 131 homicides ont été commis à l’aide d’une arme à feu, soit 41 de moins qu’en 2012. De ce fait, le taux d’homicides perpétrés à l’aide d’une arme à feu a atteint son plus bas niveau depuis que des données comparables sont devenues accessibles en 1974. Malgré ce recul, les coups de feu ont été la cause de décès dans environ le quart (27 %) des homicides.

La majorité (68 %) des homicides commis à l’aide d’une arme à feu mettaient en cause une arme de poing, soit une tendance qui se maintient depuis 20 ans. Malgré cette tendance, le taux d’homicides perpétrés à l’aide d’une arme de poing se situait à son niveau le plus bas depuis 1998.

Alors que le nombre d’homicides commis à l’aide d’une arme à feu a diminué en 2013, le nombre d’homicides perpétrés à l’aide d’une arme pointue a augmenté. On a dénombré 195 homicides commis à l’aide d’une arme pointue, soit 31 de plus qu’en 2012. En 2013, 40 % des homicides survenus au Canada mettaient en cause une arme pointue.

Les homicides attribuables à des gangs diminuent

La police a confirmé ou soupçonnait que des gangs étaient impliqués dans 85 homicides en 2013, comparativement à 96 l’année précédente, ce qui représente le premier repli après trois années où le chiffre est resté inchangé. Le taux d’homicides attribuables à des gangs s’établissait à 0,24 pour 100 000 habitants, soit son plus bas niveau enregistré depuis 2004.

Le taux d’homicides attribuables à des gangs était le plus élevé en Colombie-Britannique et au Manitoba, les deux seules régions où le nombre d’homicides attribuables à des gangs a augmenté par rapport à 2012. Parmi les RMR, Kelowna et Regina ont enregistré les taux les plus élevés d’homicides attribuables à des gangs. Les taux d’homicides attribuables à des gangs tendent à être plus élevés dans les RMR que dans les autres régions, tendance qui s’est poursuivie en 2013.

La plupart des victimes connaissaient l’auteur présumé

Dans près de 9 homicides résolus sur 10 (87 %) en 2013, la victime connaissait son assassin, alors que 13 % des victimes ont été tuées par un étranger. Par conséquent, le taux d’homicides commis par un étranger (0,14 pour 100 000 habitants) était le plus faible enregistré en plus de 40 ans.

Plus précisément, dans le cas des homicides survenus en 2013, l’auteur présumé était généralement une connaissance (45 %), un membre de la famille (33 %) ou une relation criminelle (9 %) de la victime. Alors que le nombre d’homicides commis par un étranger a diminué de 25 % en 2013, le nombre d’homicides perpétrés par une connaissance ou un membre de la famille autre que le conjoint était relativement stable. Le nombre d’homicides commis dans le contexte d’une relation criminelle est passé de 23 à 36, ce qui représente une hausse de 57 %.

Baisse du nombre d’homicides entre partenaires intimes

Le nombre de victimes d’homicide commis par un partenaire intime (conjoint, conjoint de fait, partenaire amoureux ou autre partenaire intime, actuel ou ancien) a régressé en 2013. Il s’est produit 68 homicides entre partenaires intimes en 2013, soit 14 de moins que l’année précédente. La plupart des victimes d’homicide commis par un partenaire intime étaient de sexe féminin (82 %), comme par le passé.

Le taux d’homicides perpétrés par un partenaire intime a nettement diminué au cours des deux dernières décennies, quel que soit le sexe de la victime. Le taux d’homicides entre partenaires intimes sur des victimes de sexe masculin a diminué de 73 % de 1993 à 2013, tandis que le taux correspondant pour les victimes de sexe féminin (-48 %) a baissé de près de la moitié pendant la même période.

La plupart des homicides résolus le sont en l’espace d’une semaine

Depuis 2003, environ les trois quarts (76 %) des homicides survenus ont été résolus par la police. Parmi les homicides résolus, près de 7 sur 10 (69 %) l’ont été dans les 7 jours suivants, tandis que 26 % ont été résolus en l’espace de 8 à 364 jours, et 5 % ont été résolus un an ou plus après être survenus.

Parmi les homicides qui ont été commis et résolus depuis 2003, le laps de temps médian entre le moment où l’homicide est survenu et le moment où l’affaire a été résolue était de 2 jours. Ce laps de temps médian était plus long pour les homicides attribuables à des gangs (6 jours) et les homicides liés au commerce des drogues illicites (7 jours). Lorsqu’il s’agissait d’homicides attribuables à des gangs qui ont été perpétrés à l’aide d’une arme à feu, le laps de temps médian était de 16,5 jours entre le moment où ils sont survenus et le moment où ils ont été résolus par la police.



#StatsCan: Canadian Homicide rate fell 8% from 2012


If you don’t wish to view the StatsCan Homicide Report through the lens of Canadian Media, here is the report direct from StatsCan:

Canadian police services reported 505 homicides in 2013, 38 fewer than the previous year. The homicide rate fell 8% from 2012 to 1.44 victims per 100,000 population. This marks the lowest homicide rate since 1966.

The overall decrease in homicides was the result of 40 fewer homicides reported in Quebec. The decrease in Quebec followed two years with higher than average numbers of homicides. There were 68 homicides in the province in 2013, representing a rate of 0.83 per 100,000 population. This was the lowest rate recorded in Quebec since reporting began in 1961.

While Quebec experienced a marked decline, six provinces reported modest increases in the number of homicides in 2013. Taking these increases into account, the homicide rates in nearly every province and territory were below their 10-year averages in 2013. The exceptions were Newfoundland and Labrador and Prince Edward Island, where the 2013 homicide rates were above their previous 10-year average.

Homicide rates continued to be generally highest in the West and the North. Provincially, Manitoba reported the highest homicide rate (3.87 per 100,000 population), followed by Saskatchewan (2.71), Alberta (2.04) and British Columbia (1.66). Nunavut (11.24) and the Northwest Territories (4.59) reported homicide rates higher than any province, while there were no homicides in Yukon for the third consecutive year.

Among Canada’s census metropolitan areas (CMAs), Regina reported the highest homicide rate (3.84 per 100,000 population), followed by Winnipeg (3.24) and Thunder Bay (2.46). Homicide rates were below the national average in Canada’s two largest CMAs, Toronto (1.34) and Montréal (1.08), while the third largest CMA, Vancouver (1.72), reported a homicide rate above the national average. No homicides were reported in Moncton, Saguenay, Sherbrooke, Peterborough or Guelph in 2013.

Firearm-related homicides down, but fatal stabbings increase

There were 131 firearm-related homicides in 2013, down 41 from 2012. This resulted in the lowest rate of firearm-related homicide since comparable data became available in 1974. Despite the decline, shooting was the cause of death in about one-quarter (27%) of homicides.

The majority (68%) of firearm-related homicides were committed with the use of a handgun, a trend that has held over the last 20 years. Despite this trend, the rate of handgun-related homicides reached its lowest point since 1998.

While firearm-related homicides decreased in 2013, the number of fatal stabbings grew. There were 195 fatal stabbings, 31 more than in 2012. Stabbings accounted for 40% of all homicides in Canada in 2013.

Gang-related homicide declines

Police confirmed or suspected the involvement of gangs in 85 homicides in 2013. This compares with 96 reported in the previous year and marks the first decline after three years of no change. The rate of gang-related homicide was 0.24 per 100,000 population, its lowest level since 2004.

The rate of gang-related homicide was highest in British Columbia and Manitoba, the only two regions where the number of gang-related homicides increased compared with 2012. Among CMAs, Kelowna and Regina recorded the highest rates of gang-related homicide. Rates of gang-related homicide tend to be higher in CMAs than in non-CMAs, a trend that continued in 2013.

Most victims knew the accused person

Almost 9 in 10 (87%) solved homicides in 2013 involved a victim being killed by someone they knew, compared with 13% of victims who were killed by a stranger. As a result, the rate of stranger homicide (0.14 per 100,000 population) was the lowest recorded in over 40 years.

More specifically, victims of homicide in 2013 typically knew the accused person as an acquaintance (45%), a family member (33%) or through a criminal relationship (9%). While the number of homicides involving strangers decreased 25% in 2013, those involving acquaintances or non-spousal family members were relatively stable. The number of homicides committed in the context of a criminal relationship increased 57% from 23 to 36.

Fewer intimate partner homicides

The number of victims of intimate partner homicide (homicide committed by a current or former spouse, common-law partner, dating partner or other intimate partner) decreased in 2013. There were 68 intimate partner homicides reported in 2013, 14 fewer than in the previous year. As has been the case historically, most victims of intimate partner homicides were female (82%).

The rate of intimate partner homicide for both male and female victims has declined considerably over the past two decades. The 2013 intimate partner homicide rate for males was 73% lower than it was in 1993, while the rate for females (-48%) declined by nearly half over the same period.

Most solved homicides are solved within one week of their occurrence

Since 2003, about three-quarters (76%) of all homicides that occurred have been solved by police. Of these, nearly 7 in 10 (69%) were solved within 7 days. A further 26% were solved between 8 and 364 days, while 5% were solved one year or more after the incident occurred.

Of homicides that have been committed and solved since 2003, the median length of time between the homicide occurring and being solved was 2 days. Gang-related homicides (6 days) and homicides related to the illegal drug trade (7 days) had a longer median length of time between occurring and being solved. Gang-related homicides committed with the use of a firearm had a median of 16.5 days between occurring and being solved by police.



Ce site est du meurtre non résolu de Theresa Allore qui a été trouvé dans Compton, Québec le 13 Avril, 1979.

Si vous avez n'importe quelles informations à propos de la mort de Theresa et à propos de l'investigation contactent son frère John Allore: johnallore(@)gmail(dot)com. Merci.

This site is about the unsolved murder of Theresa Allore who died November 3, 1978 in the Eastern Townships of Quebec. If you have any information please contact her brother John Allore, johnallore(at)gmail (dot)com


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